Performance of Sesame Seeds Produced from Plants Subjected to Water Stress for Early Selection of Tolerant Genotypes

Main Article Content

D. C. Tinak Ekom
K. N. A. Guidjinga
O. Memena
A. Tchiwa Nome


Intra-seasonal drought episodes during the life cycle of plant growth of sesame affect physiological quality of seeds harvested. For this purpose, in this study, we explored the following water treatments: W1 (Irrigation throughout the cycle, non-stress treatment), W2 (water stress at the vegetative growth phase), W3 (water stress at the flowering to early pod formation), W4 (water stress at the fruit maturation phase) and W5 (water stress in all phases); for their effect on germination capacity and seedling from the produced seeds of four sesame varieties (“SN 203”, “SN 403”, “SN 01-06” and “Ngong”). Such studies allowed evaluating the performance of the seeds harvested from the plants subjected to water stress availability during the different phenological phases of each variety. The produced seeds were evaluated by reduction rate (%) of germination percentage, first germination count, germination speed index, mean germination time, coefficient of velocity of germination, seedling emergence, seedling length, seedling fresh weight and seedling dry weight. In general, sesame seeds from plants grown under water deficit display reduction in performance. In water stress at the fruit maturation phase (W4) and water stress in all phases (W5), the sesame varieties tested are more sensitive for both germination capacity and seedling and for seedling respectively; so that water limitation during these periods results in the production of seeds with reduction in performance more intense. Among the varieties tested, “SN 01-06” and “Ngong” were the most tolerant genotypes. These results will be used for extension of sesame and for genetic improvement program.

Germination capacity, performance, seedling, seeds, sesame, water stress

Article Details

How to Cite
Ekom, D. C. T., Guidjinga, K. N. A., Memena, O., & Nome, A. T. (2019). Performance of Sesame Seeds Produced from Plants Subjected to Water Stress for Early Selection of Tolerant Genotypes. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, 28(1), 1-10.
Original Research Article


Langham DR, Riney J, Smith G, Wiemers T. Sesame grower guide. Sesaco Corporation; 2008.

Oumarou Y, Saïdou AA, Madi A, Watang Zieba F, Fokou Yemeta O. Perception paysanne des perturbations pluviométriques et strategies d’adaptation dans les systems de culture à sorgho repiqué en zone soudano-sahélienne du Cameroun. Afr Sci. 2017;13(4):50-65. French

Grilo Jr JAS, Azevedo PV. Growth and productivity of sesame BRS Silk in the agrovila ceará MIRIM / RN. HOLOS. 2013;2(29):19-33. Portuguese

El-Madidi S, Diani Z, Aameur FB. Variation of agro-morphological characters in Moroccan barley landraces under near optimal and drought conditions. Genet Resour Crop Ev. 2005;52(7):831-838.

Boureima S, Eyletters M, Diouf M, Diop TA, Van Damme P. Sensitivity of seed germination and seedling radical growth to drought stress in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Res J Environ Sci. 2011;5(6): 557-564.

Badoua B, Rasmata N, Nanema L, Konate B, Djinet AI, Nguinambaye MM, Tamini Z. Temporary water stress effect on vegetative and flowering stages of sesame (Sesamun indicum L.) plants. Agr Sci Res J. 2017;7(7):230-240.

Aflaki F, Sedghi M, Pazuki A, Pessarakli M. Investigation of seed germination indices for early selection of salinity tolerant genotypes: A case study in wheat. Emir J Food Agric. 2017;29(3):222-226.

Pedroso TQ, Scalco MS, Carvalho MLM, Resende CA, Otoni RR. Quality of coffee plant seeds produced under different planting densities and hydric regimes. Coffee Sci, Lavras. 2009;4(2):155-164. Portuguese

Silva RT, Oliveira AB, Queiroz Lopes MF, Guimarães MA, Dutra AS. Physiological quality of sesame seeds produced from plants subjected to water stress. Rev Ciênc Agron. 2016;47(4):643-648.

Murungu FS, Nyamugafata P, Chiduza C, Clark LJ, Whalley WR. Effects of seed priming, aggregate size and soil matric potential on emergence of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) and maize (Zea mays L.). Soil Tillage Res. 2003;74(2):161-168.

Oliveira AB, Gomes-Filho E. Sorghum seedlings establishment from primed seeds with different physiological qualities. Rev Bras Ciênc Agrárias. 2011;6(2):223-229. Portuguese

Magalhães ID, Soares CS, Costa FE, Almeida AES, Oliveira AB, Vale LS. Viability of castor bean x sesame intercrop in Paraiba, Brazilian semiarid: Influence of different planting dates. Rev Bras Agroecolo. 2013;8(1):57-65. Portuguese

Hameed A, Goher M, Iqbal N. Evaluation of seedling survivability and growth response as selection criteria for breeding drought tolerance in wheat. Cereal Res Commun. 2010;38(2):193-202.

Marzieh K, Ghanbari A, Rostami H. Evaluation indicator of drought stress in different cultivars of sesame. Int J Manag Sci Bus Res. 2013;2(9):28-39.

Dresch DM, Scalon SPQ, Neves EMS, Masetto TE, Mussury RM. Effect of pre-treatments on seed germination and seedling growth in Psidium guineense swartz. Agrociencia Uruguay. 2014;18(2): 33-39.

Moghanibashi NM, Khazaie HR, Nezami A, Eshghizadeh HR. Influence of priming treatments on seed germination of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) under osmotic conditions. Asian J Biol Sci. 2017;10(3): 104-109.

Pereira JR, Carvallo Guerra HO, Zonta JH, Bezerra JRC, Almeida ESAB, Pereira Araújo W. Behavior and water needs of sesame under different irrigation regimes: III. Production and hydric efficiency. Afr J Agric Res. 2017;12(13):1158-1163.

Foti C, Khah E, Pavli O. Response of lentil genotypes under PEG-induced drought stress: Effect on germination and growth. Plant. 2018;6(4):75-83.

Niger. Catalogue national des espèces et variétés végétales. République du Niger Ministère de l’Agriculture. 2012. French
(Accessed 10 April 2018)


Amoukou IA, Boureima S, Lawali S. Caractérisation agro-morphologique et étude comparative de deux méthodes d’extraction d’huile d’accessions de sésame (Sesamum indicum L.). Agron Africaine. 2013;25(1):71-82. French

Souza RHV, Villela FA, Aumonde TZ. Methodologies based on seedling performance for vigor assessment of pumpkin seeds. J Seed Sci. 2013;35(3): 374-380.

Carvalho NM, Nakagawa J. Sementes: Ciência, Tecnologia e Produção. 5th Ed. FUNEP, Jaboticabal; 2012. Portuguese

Orchard TJ. Estimating the parameters of plant seedling emergence. Seed Sci Technol. 1977;5:61-69.

Jones KW, Sanders DC. The influence of soaking pepper seed in water or potassium salt solutions on germination at three temperatures. J Seed Technol. 1987;11(1): 97-102.

Sadeghian SY, Yavari N. Effect of water-deficit stress on germination and early seedling growth in sugar beet. J Agron Crop Sci. 2004;190(2):138- 144.

Dodig D, Zoric M, Jovic M, Kandic V, Stanisavljevic R, Šurlan-Momirovic G. Wheat seedlings growth response to water deficiency and how it correlates with adult plant tolerance to drought. J Agr Sci. 2015;153:466-480.

Silva JB, Lazarini E, Eustáquio De Sa M, Vieira RD. Irrigation effect on the physiological potential of soybean seeds in winter sowing. Rev Bras Sementes. 2010;32(2):73-82. Portuguese

Oliveira AB, Gomes-Filho E, Enéas-Filho J, Prisco JT, Mendes Alencar NL. Seed priming effects on growth, lipid peroxidation and activity of ROS scavenging enzymes in NaCl-stressed sorghum seedlings from aged seeds. J Plant Interac. 2012;7(2):151-159.

Zimmer PD. Fundamentos da qualidade de sementes. In: Peske ST, Villela FA, Meneghello GE, Editors. Sementes: fundamentos científicos e tecnológicos. 3 Ed. Pelotas: UFPEL; 2012. Portuguese

Yari L, Aghaalikani M, Khazaei F. Effect of seed priming duration and temperature on seed germination behavior of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). ARPN J Agric Biol Sci. 2010;5(1):1-6.