Effects of Ethephon Associated with the Position of Gems on the Plum of Sugar Cane in the Initial Development of Culture - Part II

Main Article Content

Lucas Aparecido Manzani Lisboa
Reginaldo Sciarra Leonezi
Andresa Toledo Chagas
João Paulo Basaglia Freschi
Paulo Alexandre Monteiro de Figueiredo
Edson Lazarini

Abstract

The hormones are closely related to the emergence of gemstones contained seedlings of sugarcane, at the time of planting of the stems. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effects of the ethephon associated to the position of gemstones in the cane of sugar cane in the initial development of the culture. In March 2014, at the Rio Vermelho Plant, located in Junqueirópolis, State of São Paulo, a cane plant with a sugar cane plant was selected for seedlings with an approximate age of 11 months. Two areas with dimensions of 20x20 meters were demarcated. In one of the areas ethephon was applied. At 15 days after application, the seedlings containing 1 and 2 buds were collected to compose two independent experiments. From the area where the product was not applied, seedlings were removed for the control and application treatments of ethephon in the planting groove in pots. The gems were sent to the Faculty of Agrarian and Technological Sciences of the Paulista State University "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" - from Dracena, State of São Paulo. The seedlings came from the apex, middle and base of the canes of sugarcane. In this way, the experimental design was in a 3x3 factorial scheme, that is, the position of the seedlings in the canes of sugarcane and the modes of application of ethephon. The use of ethephon and positions of the seedlings in sugarcane stalks did not influence the Chlorophyll Index and Stomatal Conductance. The use of ethephon in the plant 15 days before planting, together with seedlings from the apex followed by the medium of the canes of sugarcane, presented better results for the ultrastructural characteristics of sugarcane foliage.

Keywords:
Hormone, ethephon, morphology

Article Details

How to Cite
Lisboa, L. A. M., Leonezi, R. S., Chagas, A. T., Freschi, J. P. B., Figueiredo, P. A. M. de, & Lazarini, E. (2019). Effects of Ethephon Associated with the Position of Gems on the Plum of Sugar Cane in the Initial Development of Culture - Part II. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, 28(5), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijpss/2019/v28i530120
Section
Original Research Article

References

Taiz L, Zeiger E. Plant physiology. 5. ed. Porto Alegre: Artemed. 2013;918.

Castro EM, Pereira FJ, Paiva R. Vegetative histology: structure and function of vegetative organs. Lavras: UFLA. 2009; 234.

Mattiello L, Riano-Pachon DM, Martins MCM, Cruz LP, Bassi D, Marchiori PER, Ribeiro RV, Labate MTV, Labate CA, Menossi M. Physiological and transcriptional analyzes of developmental stages along sugarcane leaf. BMC Plant Biology. 2015;15:1-21.

Markwell J, Osterman JC, Mitchell JL. Calibration of the Minolta SPAD-502 leaf chlorophyll meter. Photosynthesis Research. 1995;46(3):467-472.

Wekesa R, Onguso JM, Nyende BA, Wamocho LS. Sugarcane in vitro culture technology: Applications for Kenya's Sugar Industry. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare. 2015;5(17):127-134.

Capuani S, Rigon JPG, Brito Neto JF, Beltrão NJEM, Almeida D. Chlorophyll content during the development of the castor bean under nitrogen and silica fertilization. Encyclopedia Biosphere. 2011; 7(13):656-662.

Lisboa LAM, Ramos SB, Viana RS, Heinrichs R, Segati DF, Figueiredo PAM. Foliar morphological changes of sugarcane as a function of herbicide application strategies. STAB: Sugar, Alcohol and Byproducts. 2013;31(3):33-36.

Roberto GG, Cunha C, Sales CRG, Silveira NM, Ribeiro RV, Machado EC, Lagôa AMM. Variation of photosynthesis and carbohydrate contents induced by etefom and water deficit in the maturation stage of sugarcane. Bragantia. 2015;74 (4):379-386.

Faria AT, Silva AF, Ferreira EA, Rocha PRR, Silva DV, Silva AA, Tironi SP. Changes in the physiological characteristics of sugarcane caused by trinexapac-ethyl. Brazilian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2014;9(2):200-204.

Chang C, Williams M. Ethylene. The Plant Cell. 2016;1-14.

Castro PRC. Effects of luminosity and temperature on photosynthesis and production and accumulation of sucrose and starch in sugarcane. STAB: Sugar, Alcohol and by-Products. 2002;20(5):32-33.

Moreira ASFP, Isaias RMS. Comparative anatomy of the absorption roots of terrestrial and epiphytic orchids. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology. 2008; 51(1):83-93.

Wang KLW, Li H, Ecker JR. Ethylene biosynthesis and signaling networks. Plant Cell. 2002;14:131-151.

Lí YJ, Yang LT, Li YR, Ye YP. Influence of ethephon sprayed at different stages on growth, agronomic traits and drought resistance of sugarcane. Sugarcane. 2002; 9(1):12-18.

Pincelli RP, Silva MA. Leaf morphological changes in sugarcane cultivars in response to water deficiency. Bioscience Journal. 2012;28(4):546-556.

Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation - Embrapa. National Soil Agricultural Research Center. Brazilian system of soil classification. Rio de Janeiro. 2006;412.

Raij B, Andrade JC, Cantarella H, Quaggio JA. Chemical analysis for fertility evaluation of tropical soils. Campinas: Agronomic Institute. 2001;285.

Raij B, Cantarella H, Quaggio JA, Furlani AMC. Recommendations of fertilization and liming for the State of São Paulo. 2. ed. Campinas: IAC. (Technical Bulletin, 100). 1996;285.

Sousa DMG, Lobato E, Rein TA. Use of agricultural gypsum in cerrado soils. Planaltina: Embrapa Cerrados. 2004;20. (Technical Circular, 32).

Pereira FJ, Castro EM, Souza TC, Magalhães PC. Evolution of root anatomy of 'Saracura' maize in successive selection cycles. Brazilian Agricultural Research. 2008;43(12):1649-1656.

Ceolin GB, Rücker A, Kray JG. Leaf epidermal analysis on seedling differentiation of Geonoma schottiana and Euterpe edulis (Arecaceae). Brazilian Journal of Biosciences. 2007; 5(1):18-20.

Carlquist S. Ecological strategies of xylem evolution. Berkeley: University of California. 1975;259.

Segatto FB, Bisognin DA, Benedetti M, Costa LC, Rampelotto MV, Nicoloso FT. Technique for the study of the anatomy of the potato leaf epidermis. Rural Science. 2004;34(5):1597-1601.

Gomes FP. Course of experimental statistics. 4. ed. Piracicaba: ESALQ. 2000;477.

Mcqualter RB, Petrasovits LA, Gebbie LK, Schweitzer D, Blackman DM, Chrysanthopoulos P, Hodson MP, Plan MR, Riches JD, Snell KD, Brumbley SM, Nielsen LK. The use of an acetoacetyl-CoA synthase in place of the β-ketothiolase enhances poly-3-hydroxybutyrate produc-tion in sugarcane mesophyll cells. Plant Biotechnology Journal. 2015;13:700-707.

Martins MBG, Castro PRC. Effects of gibberellin and ethephon on the anatomy of sugarcane plants. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira. 1999;34(10): 1855-1863.

Ramos SB, Viana RS, Lisboa LAM, Ventura G, Segati DF, Assumpcao ACND, Fruchi VM, Magalhaes AC, Fiqueiredo PAM. Leaf morphoanatonic characteristics of sugarcane cultivars. STAB: Sugar, Alcohol and Byproducts. 2014;32:28-30.

Zhang F, Zhang K, Du C, Li J, Xing Y, Yang L, Li Y. Effect of drought stress on anatomical structure and chloroplast ultrastructure in leaves of sugarcane. Sugar Tech. 2015;17(1):41-48.

Aude MIS. Stages of development of sugarcane and its relationship with productivity. Rural Science. 1993;23(2): 241-248.

Gloria BA, Guerreiro SMC. Vegetable anatomy. 3.ed. Viçosa: Ed UFV. 2012;404.

Pereira MA. Thiamethoxam in sugarcane, bean, soybean, orange tree and coffee plants development parameters and biochemical aspects. 2010. 124 f. Thesis (Doctorate) - School of Agriculture "Luiz de Queiroz", University of São Paulo, Piracicaba; 2010.

Ferreira EA, Demuner AJ, Silva AA, Santos JB, Ventrella MC, Marques AE, Procópio SO. Chemical composition of epicuticular wax and characterization of leaf surface in sugarcane genotypes. Weed. 2005;23(4):1-6.

Ferreira EA, Ventrella MC, Santos JB, Barbosa MHP, Silva AA, Procópio SO, Silva EAM. Leaf blade quantitative anatomy of sugarcane cultivars and clones. Plant. 2007;25(1):25-34.

Li YR, Solomon S. Ethephon: A versatile growth regulator for sugar cane industry. Sugar Technology. 2003;5(4):213-223.

Souza A, Moraes MG, Ribeiro RCLF. Cerrado grasses: non-structural carbohydrates and ecophysiological aspects. Acta Botanica Brasilica. 2005; 19(1):81-90.

Tobin AK. Plant organelles: Compartmentation of metabolism in photosynthetic cells. Cambridge: Seminar beings. 1992;101.

Ribeiro MNO, Carvalho SP, Pereira FJ, Castro EM. Foliar anatomy of cassava in function of the potential for tolerance to different environmental conditions. Agronomic Science. 2012;43(2):354-361.

Oliveira EC, Miglioranza E. Density and stomatal distribution in manihot Manihot esculenta Crantz cultivar IAC 576-70. Scientia Agropecuaria. 2014;5:135-140.

Oliveira EC, Miglioranza E. Dimensions and stomatal density in different varieties of cassava. Cultivating Knowledge. 2013; 6(4):201-213.

Kouwenberg LLR, Kürschner WM, Visscher H. Changes in stomatal frequency and size during elongation of Tsuga heterophyla needles. Annals of Botany. 2004;94(4):561-569.