Effect of Hexanal as a Post-harvest Treatment to Extend the Shelf-life of Banana Fruits (Musa acuminata var. Sweet Banana) in Kenya

Main Article Content

Peninah Yumbya
Margaret Hutchinson
Jane Ambuko
Willis Owino

Abstract

The short shelf-life of fruits in the tropics continues to be a pressing problem for farmers and other value chain actors. Hexanal is a naturally occurring compound that has received attention as a novel postharvest compound preservative. This study was conducted to determine the effect of hexanal on enhancing the postharvest shelf-life and quality of ‘sweet banana’ fruits. Two hexanal concentrations (2% and 3%) were applied as either a pre-harvest spray or a post-harvest dip. Fruits were obtained from two different agro ecological zones of Kenya (AEZs II and IV). The treated fruits were kept under ambient room conditions of 25 ± 1°C and RH 60 ± 5% to ripen. Hexanal treatment maintained the fruits quality and prolonged the shelf-life by 6 days in the dipped fruits, 6 and 3 days in the sprayed fruits from the drier AEZ IV and colder AEZ II respectively compared to the untreated controls. Hexanal treatments significantly (P = .05) delayed or reduced the rate of most of the physicochemical parameters analysed irrespective of the concentration and mode of application used. Fruit firmness was significantly (P = .05) maintained up to day 6 and 9 of storage in the treated fruits compared to the controls which softened drastically as from day 3 and 6 in the sprayed and dipped fruits respectively. Hexanal treatment delayed ethylene and respiratory peaks by 3 days in both modes of application and significantly delayed progression of other ripening related changes such as 0Brix, titratable acidity, simple sugars and vitamin C. Sensory evaluation showed no significant differences in the various quality attributes analysed between the hexanal treated and control fruits. The results of this study indicate that, use of hexanal is a potential technology that could be adopted by banana farmers to enhance post-harvest shelf-life without compromising on quality.

Keywords:
Hexanal, fruit quality, shelf life, postharvest loss, sweet banana

Article Details

How to Cite
Yumbya, P., Hutchinson, M., Ambuko, J., & Owino, W. (2019). Effect of Hexanal as a Post-harvest Treatment to Extend the Shelf-life of Banana Fruits (Musa acuminata var. Sweet Banana) in Kenya. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, 29(2), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijpss/2019/v29i230140
Section
Original Research Article

References

Horticultural Crops Directorate (HCD). Horticultural Data Validation Report, Nairobi, Kenya; 2016.

Food Agricultural Organization. Global initiative on food loss and waste reduction report. Case studies in small scale agriculture and fisheries subsector in Kenya; 2014.

Natalia S, Emma S, Sapei L, Padmawijaya KS. Improving shelf life of cavendish banana using chitosan edible coating. Procedia Chemistry. 2014;9:113-120.

Ahmad ZF, Palta, JP. A Post harvest dip treatment with lysophospatidylethano-lamine, a natural Phospholipid, may retard senescence and improve the shelf life of banana fruit. Horticultural Science. 2015; 50:1035-1040.

Maduwanthi SD, Marapana RA. Biochemical changes during ripening of banana. International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition. 2017;5:166-170.

Venkatachalam K, Muthuvel L, Sundaresan S, Subramanian Gnanaguru J, Sullivan A, Paliyath G, Subramanian J. Post-harvest dip of enhanced freshness formulation to extend the shelf life of banana (Musa acuminata cv. Grand Naine) in India. Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 2018;95(1):1-13.

Yumbya PM, Hutchinson MJ, Ambuko JA, Owino WO, Sullivan A, Paliyath G, Subramanian J. Efficacy of hexanal application on the post-harvest shelf life and quality of banana fruits (Musa acuminata) in Kenya. Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 2018;95(1):14-35.

Dissanayake PK, Dissanayake MLMC, Wijesekara WMAUM. Effect of hot water treatments on postharvest life of Seeni Kesel Banana (Musa spp.cv. Seeni Kesel-Pisang Awak, ABB). Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International. 2015; 2(4):209-218.

Mattia A. Saturated aliphatic acyclic linear primary alcohols, aldehydes and acids. Safety evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants, WHO food additives series 40, World Health Organization, Geneva, 1998. Prepared by the 49th Meeting of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert; 1998.

Paliyath G, Tiwari K, Yuan H, Whitaker BD. Structural deterioration in produce: Phospholipase D, membrane deterioration, and senescence. In: Postharvest biology and technology of fruits, vegetables and flowers. Paliyath G, Murr DP, Handa AK, Lurie S, (Eds.). Wiley-Blackwell Ed. 2008; 195-239.

Song L, Fan CF, Forney F, Campbell-Palmer L, Fillmore SA. Effect of hexanal vapor to control post- harvest decay and extend shelf-life of highbush blueberry fruit during controlled atmosphere storage. Canadian Journal of plant Science. 2010; 90:359-366.

Sharma M, Jacob JK, Subramanian J, Paliyath G. Hexanal and 1–MCP treatments for enhancing the shelf-life and quality of sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.). Scientia Horticulturae. 2010;125:239-247.

Soltani S, Alimardani R, Omid M. Prediction of banana quality during ripening stage using capacitance sensing system. Australlian Journal of Crop Science. 2010;6:443-447.

Galán Saúco V, Fernandez Galvan D, Calvo R. Incidence of soft-nose on mangoes in the Canary Islands. Proc. Fla State Hort Soc. 1984;97:358-366.

Léchaudel M, Joas J. Quality and maturation of mango fruits of cv. Cogshall in relation to harvest date and carbon supply. Australia Journal of Agriculture and Research. 2006;57:419-426.

Saltveit ME. “Respiratory Metabolism” In The Commercial Storage of Fruits, Vegetables, and Florist and Nursery Stock. Agriculture Handbook, number 66. United States: Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland; 2004.

Anusuya PR, Nagaraja J, Janavia G, Subramaniana KS, Paliyath G, Subramanian J. Pre-harvest sprays of hexanal formulation for extending retention and shelf-life of mango (Mangifera indica L.) fruits. Scientia Horticulturae. 2016;211: 231-240.

Hutchinson MJ, Ouko JR, Ambuko JA, Owino WO, Subramanian J. Effects of hexanal dip on the post-harvest shelf life and quality of papaya (Carica papaya L.) fruit. Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 2018; 95(1):43-70. Special Issue.

Debysingh N, Wickham LD, Mohammed M, Legall G, Paliyath G, Subramanian J, The effects of pre-harvest application of hexanal formulations on time to ripening and senescence and fruit retention time in limequat (Citrofortunella floridana J. W. Ingram & H. E. Moore). Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 2018;95(1):36-42.

Cheema A, Padmanabhan P, Subramanian T, Paliyath G. Improving quality of greenhouse tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum) by pre- and post-harvest applications of hexanal containing formulations. Postharvest Biology and Technology. 2014;95:13-19.

Tiwari K, Paliyath G. Microarray analysis of ripening regulated gene expression and its modulation by 1-MCP and hexanal. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. 2011;49: 329-340.

Toivonen PM, Brummell DA. Biochemical bases of appearance and texture changes in fresh cut fruit and vegetables. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 2008;48:1-14.

Siddiqui MW, Dhua RS. Eating artificially ripened fruits is harmful. Current Science. 2010;99:1664-1668.

Kojima K, Sakurai N, Kuraishi S. Fruit softening in banana: Correlation among stress-relaxation parameters, cell wall components and starch during ripening. Physiol. Plant. 1994;90:772-778.

Mendoza DB, Javier FB, Pantastico EB. Physico-chemical studies during growth and maturation of ‘Carabao’ mango. Animal Husbandry and Agriculture Journal. 1972;7:33-36.

Appiah F, Kumah P, Idun I. Effect of ripening stage on composition, sensory qualities and acceptability of Keitt mango (Mangifera indica L.) Chips. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development. 2011;11:5-10.

Burdon JN, Dori S, Lomaniec E, Marinansky R, Pesis E. The postharvest ripening of water stressed banana fruits, Journal of Horticultural Science. 1994;69: 799-804.

Duan XW, Joyce DC, Jiang YM. Postharvest biology and handling of banana fruit. Review. Fresh Produce. 2017;1:140-152.

Goren R. Anatomical, physiological and hormonal aspects of abscission in citrus. Hort. Rev. 1993;15:145–182.

John P, Marchal J. Ripening and biochemistry of fruit. In Bananas and Plantain, edited by S.R. Gowen SR. London: Champan & Hall. 1995;434-467.

Kulkarni AP, Aradhya SM. Chemical changes and antioxidant activity in pomegranate arils during fruit development. Food Chemistry. 2005;93: 319- 324.

Qaim M, Assessing the impact of banana biotechnology in Kenya. ISAAA Briefs No. 10. ISAAA: Ithaca, NY; 1999.
Available:http://www.isaaa.org/Briefs/lO/briefs.htm

Rathore HA, Masud T, Sammi S, Soomro HA. Effect of storage on physico-chemical composition and sensory properties of mango (Mangifera indica L.) variety Dosehari, Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 2007;6:143-148.

Tapre AR, Jain RK. Study of advanced maturity stages of banana. Intl. J. Adv. Eng. Res. Stud. 2012;1:272-274.

Dissanayake PK, Dissanayake MLMC, Wijesekara WMAUM. Effect of hot water treatments on postharvest life of Seeni Kesel Banana (Musa spp.cv. Seeni Kesel-Pisang Awak, ABB). Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International, 2015; 2(4): 209-218.

Siriboon N, Banlusilp P. A study on the ripening process of ‘Namwa’ banana. AU Journal of Technology. 2004;4:159-164.