Morphological Characterization of Sixty Mango (Mangifera indica) Germplasm of Bangladesh

Md. Mostafezur Rahman

Department of Horticulture, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

Md. Golam Rabbani

Department of Horticulture, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

Farid Ahmed *

Horticulture Division, Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh.

Ashikur Rahman

Bangladesh Agricultural Development Corporation (BADC), Bangladesh.

Md. Sorof Uddin

Pomology Division, Horticulture Research Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Joydebpur, Gazipur-1701, Bangladesh.

Joydeb Gomasta

Department of Horticulture, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur-1706, Bangladesh.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

A study was conducted in the research field of Regional Horticulture Research Station, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Chapainawabganj to know the morphology of 60 germplasm of mango leaf, inflorescence, flower and fruits. A great morphometric variation was observed in the leaf. The inflorescences were pyramidal or conical in form except for Khudikhirsha, Narikeli and Himsagor which were cylindrical. The ratio of hermaphrodite and male flowers showed variation. Fruit characters like length, breadth, weight and colour were studied. The highest fruit weight and length were found in Fazli (760 g and 15.17 cm) and the lowest fruit weight was recorded in Modhuchoski (128.50 g). Variation in fruit colour was also recorded among the germplasm. The highest percentage of Total Soluble Solid (TSS) in the germplasm khodikhirsapat (24.33%) and the maximum stone weight (69.87g) was recorded in Fazli. The longest fruit length was observed in the germplasm of Ashwina (13.03 cm). The highest fruit breadth was observed in the germplasm Fazli (9.87 cm). The present investigation has established that the morphological characters can be used as a tool for the taxonomic discrimination of varieties of Mangifera indica.

Keywords: Mango, morphology, inflorescence, fruit, taxonomic


How to Cite

Rahman, M. M., Rabbani, M. G., Ahmed, F., Rahman, A., Uddin, M. S., & Gomasta, J. (2022). Morphological Characterization of Sixty Mango (Mangifera indica) Germplasm of Bangladesh. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, 34(23), 570–586. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijpss/2022/v34i232463

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Gruezo WS. Mangifera indica. In 'plant resources of South-east Asia No 2: Eadible Fruits and Nuts'. (Eds EWM Verheij and RE Coronel). 1992;203- 206.

Candole AD. Origin of cultivated plants. Vegal Paul French and Co. London. 1984;1-67.

Mukherjee SK. Introduction: Botany and Importance. In: The Mango: Botany, Production and Uses. 1st edition. CAB International, Wallingford, U.K. 1997;1- 19.

Jacobi KK, Maercae EA, Hetherington. Post harvest heat disinfestations treatments of Mango fruits. Scientia Horticulture. 2001;89(3):171-193.

Ahmed KU. The mango in Bangladesh: A symbol of versatility. Proc. Symp. Problems and Prospects of Mango Production in Bangladesh, Dhaka. 1985;1.

BBS.Statistical Year Book of Agriculture of Bangladesh 2020, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. 2020;158.

Food and Agricultural Organization Statistics (FAOSTAT). FAOSTAT Database results on pineapple. Rome, Italy; 2013.

Available:http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/DesktopDefault.aspx?PageID=567#ancor

Haque AMMM, Ali MR, Uddin MR, Hossain AKMA. Evaluation of elite mango cultivars at southern region of Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. of Pl. Breed. and Genetics. 1993;6(2): 21-28.

Biswas MS. Morphological and molecular characterization of some mango germplasm. An MS Thesis, Dept. of Hort., Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. 2005;39-49.

Nowrin R. Genetic diversity analysis of mango cultivars using morphological and molecular markers. An MS Thesis, Department of Horticulture, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. 2009;39-48.

Hossain MA, Talukdar MR. Characteristics of Bangladeshi mangoes grown at Rajshahi. An MS Thesis, Dept. of Hort, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. 1974;103.

Bhuyan MAJ, Islam MS. Phyico-morphological characters of some popular mango cultivars. Bangladesh J. of Agri. 1989;14(3):181-187.

Majumder DAN. Genetic divergence, induced mutation and interrelationships among the yield components of mango (Mangifera indica L.). A Ph D. Thesis. Department of Biotechnology. Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. 2010;69-75.

lqbal SN, Uddin NS, Shakur MA. Performance of exotic mango germplasm under Bangladesh conditions. In: Annual Report of Mango Improvement; 1994.

Uddin MS, Iqbal SM and Shakur MA. Studies on some promising lines of mango. In: Annual Report on Mango Improvement (1994-95). Regional Horticultural Research Station. BARI. Chapai Nawabganj. 1995;12-20.

Bhamini K, Kumar A, Jaiswal US, Ahmad F, Rani R. Morphological characterization of mango (Mangifera indica L.) germplasm using DUS testing. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2018;7(5):2944-58.

Rajwana IA, Khan IA, Malik AU, Saleem BA, Khan AS, Ziaf K, Anwar R, Amin M. Morphological and biochemical markers for varietal characterization and quality assessment of potential indigenous mango (Mangifera indica) germplasm. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 2011 Mar 1;13:151-8.