The Effects of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizer Applications on Yield and Plant Vegetative Growth of Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.)
International Journal of Plant & Soil Science,
A field experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of organic and chemical fertilizers on yield and plant vegetative growth of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) between 22.05.2018 and 12.09. 2018 under field conditions in Bandırma, Turkey. Treatments were control with no fertilizer (CONT), developed organic fertilizer (DOF), organic fertilizer (OF) chemical fertilizer (CHF), each treatment has 3 replicates with 360 plants. Developed organic fertilizer and OF were applied in (2000) kg.da-1, chemical fertilizer (15%N, 15%P, 15%K, 20%SO3) was applied in 40 kg/da. Yield and plant vegetative growth weight were determined. Organic and chemical fertilizer applications had a significant effect (P<0.05) on yield and plant vegetative growth. The eggplant yield at CONT, DOF, OF, CHF were 3922, 4593, 4375, 4579 kg.da-1 respectively. The plant vegetative growth (Plant organs fresh weight) at CONT, DOF, OF, CHF were 3548, 4018, 3818, 3882 kg.da-1 respectively. The difference between fertilizers (DOF, OF, and CHF) was not significant so that organic fertilizers are competitive and may be a suitable replacement for chemical fertilizer.
- Organic fertilizer
- vegetative growth
- fruit yield
How to Cite
Sihachkr D, Chaput MH, Serraf L, Ducreux G. Regeneration of plants from protoplasts of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). In: Bajaj YPS (Ed.), Biotechnology in agriculture and forestry, plant protoplasts and genetic engineering. Springer, Berlin. 1993;108–122.
Zenia M, Halina B. Content of microelements in eggplant fruits depending on nitrogen fertilization and plant training method. J. Elementol. 2008;13(2):269-274.
Willer H, Lernoud J. (Eds.). The world of organic agriculture. Statistics and emerging trends . IFOAM, Organic International, 2017. Bonn, FiBL, Frick and Bonn. 2017;02-20.
TÜİK. Basic Statistics; 2014.
Available:http://www.tuik.gov.tr/Ust Menu.do method basicist.
Hekimoğlu B, Altındeğer M. Samsun Governorate Vegetable Production Sector; 2010.
Available:http://samsuntarim.gov.tr/ya-publications/technical information /liftlets/garden/ vegetable sector.pdf.
Aksoy U. Ecological Farming. II. Ecological Farming Symposium in Turkey. Antalya; 2001.
Chowdhury R. Effects of chemical fertilizers on the surrounding environment and the alternative to the chemical fertilizers IES- Envis Newsletter. 2004;(3):4-5.
Morris M, VA Kelly, RJ Kopicki and D Byerlee, D. Fertilizer use in African Agriculture: Lessons learned and good practice guidelines. Washington, DC: The World Bank. The Rain Forest Area of Nigeria. Applied Tropical Agriculture. 2007;5:20-23.
Naderi R, Bijanzadeh E. Organic amendments and nitrogen effects on growth and chemical composition of two cultivars of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) Australian Journal of Crop Science. 2014;8(4):577-581.
Vijaya KS, Seethalakshmi S. Response of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) to integrated nutrient management amended soil. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research. 2011;2(8).
Louisa MA, Taguiling G. Response of some vegetable plants to green biomass-enriched compost. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science (IOSR-JAVS). 2016;9(5):67-74
Available:http://www.bandirma.gov.tr/ climate and geographic Web site.
Gençoğlan C, Altunbey H, Gençoğlan S. Response of green bean (P. vulgaris L.) to subsurface drip irrigation and partial rootzone-drying irrigation. Agricultural Water Management. 2006;84(3): 274-280.
Urkurkar JS, Tiwari A, Chitale S, Bajpai RK. Influence of long- term use of inorganic and organic manures on soil fertility and sustainable productivity of rice (Oryza sativa) and wheat (Triticum aestivum) in inceptisols. Indian J. Agr Sci. 2010;80:208-212.
Yolcu H. The effects of some organic and chemical fertilizer application on yield, Morphology, Quality and Mineral Content of Common Vetech (Vicia sativa L.) Turkish Journal of Field Crops. 2011;16:197-202.
Lanyasunya TP, Wang H, Mukisira EA, Lukibisi FB, Kuria DM, Kibitok NK. Effect of manure and fertilizer application on yield of sorghum almum harvested at different maturity stages. J Anim Vet Adv. 2007;6:879-882.
Efthimiadou A, Bilalis D, Karkanis A, Froud-Williams B, Eleftherochorinos I. Effects of cultural system (Organic and conventional) on growth, photosynthesis and yield components of sweet corn (Zea mays L,) under semi-arid environment. Not Bot Hort Agrobot Cluj. 2009;37:104-111.
Fateh E, Chaichi MR, Sharifi Ashorabad E, Mazaheri D, Jafari AA, Rengel Z. Effects of organic and chemical fertilizers on forage yield and quality of globe artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.). Asian Journal of Crop Science. 2009;1: 40-48.
Abstract View: 2499 times
PDF Download: 644 times