Agroeconomic Aspects of Project Implementation of Intensive Fruit Farming

Main Article Content

Besim Salkić
Edin Ramić
Ensar Salkić
Emina Mešinović
Adela Mujić

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this paper is to determine agroeconomic effects of intensifying the cultivation of fruits and the introduction of new technologies in fruit production.

Methods: The project involved 150 farmers. The implementation of the projects took three years. Throughout the project, continuous theoretical training was provided in the form of lectures and presentations, as well as practical training of individuals and groups of 15-20 farmers.

Results: Gradacac area (Bosnia and Herzegovina) has favorable conditions for intensive cultivation of canopy fruit. In addition to the favorable agro-environmental conditions and many unemployed people as well as the tradition of fruit cultivation, they encouraged the Lutheran World Federation -LWF to implement project of intensive fruit farming. The economy of canopy fruit production is conditioned by many factors: the choice of variety, rootstock, training system and location, moreover the intensity of application of agro and pomotechnical treatments, production costs and market price. Intensive fruit production has its specific features and large investments, but as a result it can be said that it is economically viable. The project organized for the first time in this area continuous education and long-term monitoring, introduced new grounds, a new training system and maintaining orchards.

Conclusion: It is very important to note that for the Municipality of Gradacac the inflow of funds of over BAM 2 million is enabled every year during the period of full fruiting.

Keywords:
Intensive fruit farming, canopy fruit, economy of canopy fruit production.

Article Details

How to Cite
Salkić, B., Ramić, E., Salkić, E., Mešinović, E., & Mujić, A. (2020). Agroeconomic Aspects of Project Implementation of Intensive Fruit Farming. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, 31(6), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijpss/2019/v31i630229
Section
Original Research Article

References

Maksimović A, Puška A, Ćejvanović F. Economic analysis of plum production in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Transition. 2016;18(2):37.

Jelocnik M, Ivanovic L, Subic J. Analysis of variable cost coverage in apple production. School of Business, Issue 2/2011, UDC 634.11: 657.471.1 (497.11); 2011.

Robinson TL, Lakso AN, Capenter SG. Canopy developmnent, yield and fruit quality of Empire and Delicious apple trees grown in four orchaed production systems for ten years. J. Amer.Soc.Hort.Sci. 1991;116:179-187.

Devyatov AS. Fruiting potencials off apple orchards planted at different densities. Fruit Science Reports. 1991;183:111-117.

Čmelik Z, Tojnko S. Dynamics of Idared apple fertility under fertigation conditions with nitrogen. Pomologia Croatica. 2005;11(3-4).

Sansavini S, Ancarani V, Neri D. Overview of intensive pear culture: Planting density, rootstocks, orchard management, soil-water relations and fruit quality. Acta Hortic. 2008;800:35-50.
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.800.1

Webster AD. Breeding and selection of apple and pear rootstocks. Acta Hortic. 2003;622:499-512.
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2003.622.55

Webster AD. Rootstocks for temperate fruit crops: Current uses, future potential and alternative strategies. Acta Hortic. 2001;557:25-34.
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2001.557.1

Fischer M. New dwarfing and semi-dwarfing pillnitz apple and pear rootstocks. Acta Hortic. 2001;557:55-62.
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2001.557.5

Czynczyk A, Bielicki P, Bartosiewicz B. Testing new dwarfing apple rootstocks from polish and foreign breeding programmes. Acta Hortic. 2001;557:83-90.
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2001.557.9

Loreti F, Massai R, Fei C, Cinelli F, Cecconi B. Evaluation of eleven dwarfing apple rootstocks: Preliminary results. Acta Hortic. 2001;557:155-162.
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2001.557.20

Meland M. Early performance of european plum high density production systems. Acta Hortic. 2001;557:265-274.
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2001.557.34

Lewko J, Ścibisz K, Sadowski A. Performance of two pear cultivars on six different rootstocks in the nursery. Acta Hortic. 2007;732:227-231.
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2007.732.32

Milić D, Bulatović M, Kukić Đ. Assesing the economic efficiency of building plantation apple fruits, 1450-5029. 2005;9(5):118-120. UDK: 634.11:330.

Milić D, Sredojević Z. Organization and Business Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Novi Sad; 2004.