Main Article Content
Twenty two brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) genotypes were collected and grown in summer season and variability estimates were studied for twenty two different quality, yield, its attributing traits. High genotypic and phenotypic coefficient of variation was obtained for characters like length of style, fruit girth, average fruit weight, number of fruits per plant, yield per plant, total yield per hectare, total sugar, reducing sugar, titrable acidity, ascorbic acid, total antioxidant capacity, total phenolic content and polyphenol oxidase. Heritability and genetic gain as percent of mean was observed to be high for characters such as plant height, number of primary branches, length of style, fruit length, fruit girth, average fruit weight, number of fruit per plant, yield per plant, total yield per hectare, TSS, total sugar, reducing sugar, titrable acidity, ascorbic acid, total antioxidant capacity, total phenolic content and polyphenol oxidase. High heritability coupled with high predicted genetic gain suggests for selection based on these traits for enhancement of yield and quality.
Daunay MC. Eggplant. In: Prohens J, Nuez F. (eds) Vegetables II. Handbook of Plant Breeding, vol 2. Springer, New York, NY. 2008. Available:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-74110-9_5.
Naeem MY, Ugur S. Nutritional Content and Health Benefits of Eggplant. Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology. 2019;7(sp3):31-36.
Anonymous. United States Department of Agriculture .Washington, D.C., United States; 2009.
Dakone D, Awoke G. A review on ethnomedicinal use, nutritional value, phytochemistry and pharmacological characteristics of Solanum incanum L. An important medicinal plant. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research. 2016, 5(6), 350-354.
Gonthier MP, Verny MA, Besson C, Remesy C, Scalbert A. Chlorogenic acid bioavailability largely depends on its metabolism by the gut microflora in rats. J. Nutr. 2003;133(6):1853–1859.
Cao G, Sofic E, Prior RL. Antioxidant capacity of tea and common vegetables. J. Agric. Food. Chem. 1996;44:3426-3431.
Bajaj KL, Kaur G, Chadha ML. Glycoalkaloid content and other chemical constituents of the fruits of some egg plant (Solanum melongena L.) varieties. Journal of Plant Foods. 1979;3(3):163-168.
Jukanti AK, Bhatt R Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) polyphenol oxidase multi-gene family: A phylogenetic evaluation. Biotech. 2014;5(1):93–99.
Charles WB, Harris S. Effect of temperature on flower production and fruit set in tomato. Canadian J. Pl. Sci. 1972;52:497-06.
Singh N and Kalda TS. Brinjal, InText book of vegetables, tuber crops and spices (Eds) S. Thamburaj and N. Singh, ICAR, New Delhi; 2000.
AOAC. Official methods of analysis. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington DC, USA; 2000.
AOAC Official methods of analysis. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington DC, USA; 2001.
Ranganna S. Handbook of Analysis and Quality Control for Fruit and Vegetable Products. Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi. 1986;190-210.
Singleton VL, Orthofer R, Lamuela RM. Analysis of total phenols other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of Folin–Ciocalteu reagent. Methods in Enzymology. 1999;152-178.
Apak R, Guclu K, Ozyurek M, Karademir SE. Novel total antioxidant capacity index for dietary polyphenols and vitamins C and E using their cupric ion reducing capabilities in the presence of neocuproine: CUPRAC method. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2004;52:7970-7981.
Jiang YM and Fu JR. Biochemical and physiological changes involved in browning of litchi fruit caused by water loss. The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology. 1999;74(1):43-46.
Comstock RE, Robinson HF. Genetic variability and correlation studies in muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.). Indian Journal of Agriculture Science. 1952;49:361-63.
Lush JL. Intro-site correlation and regression of off spring on corn as a method of estimating heritability of characters. Journal of Animal Science. 1940;33:293-301.
Lush JL. Heritability of quantitative traits in farm animals. Proceeding of 8th international congress genetic Hereditas, 1949;(Suppl.):336-357.
Johnson HW, Robinson HF, Comstock RE. Estimates of genetic and environmental variability in soybean. Agronomy Journal. 1955;47:314-18.
Muniappan S, Saravanan K, Ramya B. Studies on Genetic Divergence and Variability for Certain Economic Characters in Eggplant (Solanum Melongena L.). Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding. 2010;1(4):462-465.
Kumar SR, Arumugam T, Anandakumar CR, Premalakshmi V. Genetic variability for quantitative and qualitative characters in Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.). African Journal of Agricultural Research. 2013;8(39):4956-4959.
Nayak BR and Nagre PK. Genetic variability and correlation studies in brinjal (Solanum melongena L.). International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology. 2013;4: 211-215
Akhtar S, Solankey SS, Kumari R, Rani N. Crucial Reproductive Traits as Indices for Screening Brinjal(Solanum melongena L.) under High Temperature Stress. Indian Journal of Ecology, 2017; 44 (Special Issue-5): 331-336.
Banerjee S, Verma A, Bisht YS, Maurya PK, Jamir I, Mondal S, Bhattacharjee T, Chattopadhyay A. Genetic variability, correlation coefficient and path coefficient analysis in brinjal germplasm. International Journal of Chemical Studies. 2018;6(4):3069- 3073.
Sivasubramanian S and Madhavamenon P. Combining ability in rice. Madras Agricultural Journal. 1973;60:419-421.
Singh O and Kumar J. Variability, heritability and genetic advance in brinjal. Indian Journal of Horticulture. 2005;62:265-267.
Samlindsujin G, Karuppaiah P, Manivannan K. Genetic variability and correlation studies in brinjal (Solanum melongena L.). Internat. J. Plant Sci. 2017;12(1):21-27. DOI: 10.15740/HAS/IJPS/12.1/21-27
Parvati P, Jagadeesha RC, Satish D, Venkateshalu, Mesta RK. Genetic variability, Heritability, Genetic Advance and Genetic Diversity Analysis for Yield, Yield Related Components of Brinjal [Solanum melongena L.] Genotypes. International Journal of Genetics. 2018;10(6):460-463.
Shilpa BM, Dheware RM, Kolekar RB. Variability Studies in Brinjal (Solanum melongena L). International Journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management. 2018;9(5):576-579.
Pathania NK, Katoch DR, Chaudhary, Chandel KS. Genetic variability and association studies in eggplant. Abstract in International Conference on Vegetables, held at Bangalore, India. 2002;89.
Patel VK, Singh U, Goswami A, Tiwari SK, Singh M. Genetic variability, interrelationships and path analysis for yield attributes in eggplant. Environment & Ecology. 2017;35:877-880.