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The work is a literature review whose objective was to identify in the literature the approach on the main causes of forest destruction in the legal Amazon. For the discussion, scientific materials were selected whose focus includes deforestation in the region of the legal Amazon. Among the possible causes, the ones that stood out the most in the literature were livestock, agriculture, mining, mining and burning, so a discussion was made on them. It is clear, after all the surveys, that there is no single solution to destruction and deforestation in the Amazon. If the Brazilian government, with the help of the international community, does not take control of the forces of destructive development seriously, then, regardless of periods of growth and reduced deforestation, this magnificent rainforest will continue disappearing decade after decade. A series of measures is necessary, ranging from prevention to incisive combat, mainly by the government, which should expand and reinforce the activities of the entities responsible for environmental inspection in the country.
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