In-vitro Efficacy of Fungicides against Rhizoctonia solani Causing Banded Leaf and Sheath Blight of Maize
International Journal of Plant & Soil Science,
An experiment was carried out to find out the in-vitro efficacy of systemic and contact fungicides against the pathogen of maize banded leaf and sheath blight (Rhizoctonia solani f. sp. sasakii) by using poisoned food technique. The present experiment was conducted in College of Post Graduate Studies in Agricultural Sciences, Central Agricultural University, Umiam, Meghalaya for the evaluation of different fungicides against the pathogen R. solani f. sp. sasakii. Eight systemic (Carbendazim, Tebuconazole, Propiconazole, Myclobutanil, Azoxystrobin, Metalaxyl, Tricyclazole, Pyraclostrobin), three contact (Mancozeb, Captan and Chlorothalonil) and combination of systemic and contact fungicide (Carbendazim + Mancozeb) were used for the experiment with different concentrations. Among twelve fungicides, Carbendazim was found to be the most effective at concentration of 0.1 % with 95.96 % growth inhibition. Suimilarly, Metalaxyl at concentration of 0.28 % was found to be the least effective with growth inhibition of 55.55 %. The results showed significant differences between different fungicides to inhibit the growth of R. solani.
- Rhizoctonia solani
How to Cite
Garcia VG, Onco MAP, Susan VR. Review Biology and systematic of the form genus
Rhizoctonia. Span. J. Agric. Res. 2006; 4(1):55-79.
Sneh B, Burpee L, Ogoshi A. Identification of Rhizoctonia Species, Aps Press; 1991.
Manandhar S, Karkee A, Manandhar C, Pant B, Baidya S. In vitro efficacy of different botanicals for the control of Alternaia alternate and Rhizoctonia solani. J. Agric. Environ. 2018;19:92-97.
Agrios GN. Plant pathology 5th edition. Root and stem rots caused by basidiomycetes. Elsevier Academic Press USA. 2005;593-599.
Sridhar SR, Velusamy Rajagopal RV, Rajavel R, Masilamani S, Narasimhan S. Antifungal Activity of Some Essential Oils. J. Agr. Food Chem. 2003;51:7596–7599.
Vincent JM. Distortion of fungal hyphae in the presence of certain inhibitors. Nature. 1947;159(4051):850.
Sriraj P, Sundravadana P, Adhipathi S, Alice D. Efficacy of fungicides, botanicals and bioagents against Rhizoctonia solani inciting leaf blight on turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). Afr. J. Microbiol. Res. 2014; 8(36): 3284-3294.
Gupta RP. Fungicidal management of web blight of mungbean. J. Mycol. Plant Pathol. 2002;32 (1):141-145.
Kumar V, Chaudhary VP, Kumar D, Kumar S, Sagar S, Chaudhary S. Efficacy of botanicals and fungicides against Rhizoctonia solani inciting sheath blight disease on Rice (Oryza sativa L.). J. Appl. Nat. Sci. 2017;9(4):1916 -1920.
Kadri NI, Kanzari KK. In vitro efficacy of non-systemic and systemic fungicides against Rhizoctonia solani kühn causing root rot of coriander. Int. J. Chem. Stud. 2018;6(1):1992-1995.
Hunjan MS, Love JS, Pannu PPS, Thind TS. Performance of some new fungicides against sheath blight and brown spot of rice. Plant Dis. Res. 2011;26:61- 67.
Abstract View: 363 times
PDF Download: 179 times