Impact of Various Sources of Seed Priming on Growth, Yield and Quality of Spinach Local (Spinacia oleracea) in-vitro and in-vivo Condition
International Journal of Plant & Soil Science,
Seed germination, following seedling growth are basic but crucial steps in a plant life cycle which includes proper seed germination which is a basic pre-requisite for a better crop growth and yield. The experiment was conducted in Vegetable Science Department under the Defence Institute of Bio-Energy and Research (DIBER), (DRDO), Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand in the year 2020-2021 to standardize the best treatment of seed priming specific to Spinach (Spinacia oleracea). An investigation was conducted both in a laboratory and on the field with the same treatment that was: (T1) Distilled water, (T2) 1%NaCl, (T3) 1%H2O2, (T4) 1%Na2CO3, (T5) Tap water, (T6) 1%DAP, (T7) Control. Seeds were soaked for 16 hrs and then dried to original moisture content for 2 days. It was found that all the priming treatments showed a significant difference with the control and the highest germination %(lab) with 71% was observed in seeds treated with DAP (T6) and the highest crop yield (field) were observed for 1% Na2CO3. Na2CO3 showed the best result in the field as well as in lab conditions based on different quality parameters followed by DAP. This study showed that seed priming treatments help in the enhancement of seed quality parameters, proved cost-effective and the most economical method. The experiment helps to improve the seed quality using different priming treatments which are cost-effective, economic, environment friendly and one of the quickest methods used for seed enhancement.
- Seed priming
- seed enhancement
How to Cite
Rao KNV, Tabassum B, Babu SR, Yaja A and Banji D. Preliminary phytochemical screening of Spinacia oleracea L. World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2015;4:532-551.
Verma S. A study on medicinal herb Spinacia oleraceae Linn: Amaranthaceae. Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics. 2018;8(4):59-61.
Parera CA and Cantliffe DJ. Pre-sowing Seed Priming. Horticultural Reviews. 1994;16:109-142.
Kamithi KD, Wachira F and Kibe AM. Effects of different priming methods and priming durations on enzyme activities in germinating chickpea (Cicer aeritinum L.). American Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences. 2016;1(A):1-9.
Heydecker W, Coolbear P and Grierson D. Osmotic pre-sowing treatments and nucleic acid accumulation in tomato seeds (Solanum lycopersicum). Seed Science Technology. 1980;8(3): 289-303.
Basra S, Ehsanullah MA, Warraich EA, Cheema MA and Afzal I. Effect of storage on growth and yield of primed canola (Brassica napus L.) seeds. Int. J. Agrico. Bio. 2003;117-120.
Kulsumbi AK, Sangeeta IM, Shakuntala NM, Vasudevan SN and Kisan B. Standardization of hydropriming duration and its effect on physiological parameters of Spinach (Spinacea oleracea L.). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science. 2020;9(8):1745-50.
Jira-Anunkul W and Pattanagul W. Seed priming with hydrogen peroxide alleviates the effects of drought stress in rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings. Notulae botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca. 2020; 48(1):273-83.
Khan AH, Ayub CM and Balal RM. Effect of seed priming with NaCl on salinity tolerance of hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) at seedling stage. Soil and Environment. 2009;28(1):81-87.
Hemalatha G, Renugadevi J and Eevera T. Studies on seed priming with Hydrogen peroxide for mitigating salt stress in rice. Int.J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2017;6(6):691-95.
Alam A, Amin N, Ara N, Ali M and Ali I. Effect of various sources and duration of priming on Spinach seeds. Pakistani Journal of Botany. 2013;45:773-77.
Hegazi and Amal Z. Influence of Seed Priming on Growth and Seed Yield of Okra Under Water Stress. Horticulture Research Institute, Arc, Giza, Egypt. 2014;91(1):197-217.
Fredj MB, Zhani K, Cherif H and Tijani M. Effect of NaCI priming on seed germination four coriander cultivars (Coriandrum sativum). Eur Asian Journal of Biosciences, 2013;7(1):21-29.
Abstract View: 69 times
PDF Download: 39 times