Evaluation of Cost Effective and Biologically Efficient Cropping Systems and Their Economics
International Journal of Plant & Soil Science,
Aim: Comparative evaluation of various cropping systems and assessment of their economics.
Study Design: Descriptive statistics was used and each treatment was replicated quadruple times using randomized block design.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of agronomy, CSA University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India from 2016-2018.
Methodology: We undertaken traditional cropping systems to find out the efficient cropping systems in terms of economic value.
We implemented randomized block design in the field level to layout the different crops according to the various seasons in terms of space and time. Various inputs like water, fertilizers, chemicals etc. applied accordingly as per their recommendation. Different types of cultural practices are implemented to fulfil the crop needs. Timely samples are drawn from all the crops to analyze the characteristics of their biological yield. The final value of crops are computed as per their market price.
Results: Among the five different cropping systems Hyb. Rice- Potato recorded the highest net monetary return of Rs. 87954.80 ha-1 followed by Maize-Potato (Rs. 64888.50 ha-1), Rice- Wheat (Rs.39262.40 ha-1), Maize-Wheat (Rs.34884.00 ha-1) and Maize -Mustard (Rs.13122.50 ha-1).
Conclusion: On the basis of overall productivity biological efficiency and economic return it may infer that Hyb. Rice-Potato crop sequence is treated as best biologically efficient system, if adopted by the farmers can go a long way in enhancing the productivity return.
- Cropping sequence
- biological yield
- return on investment
- system productivity
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