The Effect of Diverse Intercropping System on Growth Indices, Yield and Profitability of Indian Mustard (Brassica juncea L.): Variety Azad Mahak

Pradeep Kumar *

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur- 208002, Uttar Pradesh, India.

M. Z. Siddiqui

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur- 208002, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Sunil Kumar Prajapati

Division of Agronomy, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa Campus, New Delhi-110012, India.

Shivendra Singh

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur- 208002, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Gurwaan Singh

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur- 208002, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Deepak Kumar Rawat

Department of Crop Physiology, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur- 208002, Uttar Pradesh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Intercropping enhances crop yield and quality by growing different crop species together on the same piece of land in distinct row combinations. Hence, a field experiment was conducted to study the suitable combination of mustard based intercropping with different crops at students’ instructional farm, C. S. Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur (U.P.) during Rabi season 2021-22. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Block Design with nine treatment combinations viz., T1 Sole Mustard, T2 Mustard: Chickpea (1:1), T3 Mustard: Chickpea (2:1), T4 Mustard: Lentil (1:1), T5 Mustard: Lentil (2:1), T6 Mustard: Linseed (1:1), T7 Mustard: Linseed (2:1), T8 Mustard: Field Pea (1:1) and T9 Mustard: Field Pea (2:1) with replicated thrice. The result revealed that growth attributes in the intercropping system were most notably observed in sole Mustard, with the Mustard + Lentil (1:1) system following closely. The Mustard + Lentil (1:1) intercropping system yielded a significantly higher mustard equivalent yield (2.77 t ha-1). Notably, the greatest net returns were obtained from sole Mustard cultivation (INR 151,045.50 ha-1), though the Mustard + Lentil (1:1) system also produced substantial returns (INR 144,001.00 ha-1). Furthermore, the benefit-cost ratio was highest for sole Mustard (5.05), with the Mustard + Lentil (1:1) system (4.82). In conclusion, these results support the superior productivity and profitability of sole Mustard cultivation, closely followed by the Mustard + Lentil (1:1) intercropping system.

Keywords: Intercropping, mustard, chickpea, pea, lentil, linseed, growth, yield, profit

How to Cite

Kumar , Pradeep, M. Z. Siddiqui, Sunil Kumar Prajapati, Shivendra Singh, Gurwaan Singh, and Deepak Kumar Rawat. 2023. “The Effect of Diverse Intercropping System on Growth Indices, Yield and Profitability of Indian Mustard (Brassica Juncea L.): Variety Azad Mahak”. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science 35 (22):145-56.


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