Growth, Yield and Fruit Quality of Capsicum Hybrids (Capsicum annuum) as Affected by Integration of Inorganic Fertilizers and Organic Manures (FYM) in Protected Condition

Tusar Ranjan Pandit *

Department of Horticulture, Naini Agriculture Institute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj, U.P-211007, India.

Samir Ebson Topno

Department of Horticulture, Naini Agriculture Institute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj, U.P-211007, India.

Vijay Bahadur

Department of Horticulture, Naini Agriculture Institute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj, U.P-211007, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

A trial was conducted at Horticulture Research Farm, Department of Horticulture, during the year 2023-24. Five Capsicum varieties Names Nemalite, Cebrail, Bungi, Volante and Shehzadi. were evaluated at SHUATS, Prayagraj in randomized block design with three replications during Jan-April 2023-24 to evaluate the best performing variety in terms of growth, yield and quality. The variety Cebrail performed best in terms of plant height (68.97 cm), number of branches (5.65), days to first flower initiation (42.89), chlorophyll content (SPAD Value) (45.71 cm), number of fruits per plant (8.53), fruit length (9.2 cm), individual fruit weight (160.44 g), fruit yield per plant (1.09 kg), maximum fruit yield per plot (6.56 kg). The highest benefit cost ratio was found at 3.15 in the same variety.

Keywords: Capsicum, performance, varieties, fruit yield, financial significance, polyhouse, plant height, vegetables


How to Cite

Pandit , T. R., Topno , S. E., & Bahadur , V. (2024). Growth, Yield and Fruit Quality of Capsicum Hybrids (Capsicum annuum) as Affected by Integration of Inorganic Fertilizers and Organic Manures (FYM) in Protected Condition. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, 36(5), 195–202. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijpss/2024/v36i54517

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Kamaruddin R. Design and development of naturally ventilated tropical crop protection structures and hydroponics systems. Acta Horticulture. 2007;(742):139-153.

Fisher RA. The correlation among relatives on the supposition of mendelia inheritance. Aust J Agric Res. 1950;14:742-757.

Bergefurd BR, Lewis W, Harker T, Miller L, Welch A, Weaks E. Bell pepper cultivar performance trial growing southern Ohio; 2011. Available:www.southcenters.osu.edu

Farooq MR, Chattha MR, Qasim U, Nawab NN, Hidyatulllah. Studies on the performance of sweet pepper hybrids under plastic tunnel science. Technol Develop. 2015;34(3):155- 157.

Sharma R, Shukla YR. Performance of colored bell pepper in naturally-ventilated polyhouse under mid-hill condition of Himachal Pradesh. J Hortl Sci. 2013; 8(2):259- 261.

Farooq MR, Chattha MR, Qasim U, Nawab NN, Hidyatulllah. Studies on the performance of sweet pepper hybrids under plastic tunnel science. Technol Develop. 2015;34(3):155- 157.

Singh AK, Singh B, Gupta R. Performance of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum) varieties and economics under protected and open field conditions in Uttarakhand. Ind J Agric Sci. 2011;81(10): 973-975.

Haque MA, Sarker BC, Rahman H, Islam MN, Biswas M. Effect of growing condition on the growth and yield of capsicum varieties at Jmamalpur. Bangladesh J Agric. 2011;4(1 & 2):59-63.

Manoj BV, Venugopal CK. Evaluation of capsicum hybrids under protected condition J Farm Sci. 2018;31(1):18.

Singh B, Kumar M, Sirohi NPS. Protected cultivation of cucurbits under low-cost protected structures: a sustainable technology for peri-urban areas of northern India. Int Sympo Cucurbits, ISHS Acta Horti. 2007;731:3:1.

Singh B, Kumar M. Performance of sweet peppers varieties under semi- climate-controlled greenhouse conditions of northern India. ISHS Acta Hortic. 2003; 710:355-358.

Buoczkowska H. Evaluation of yield of six sweet pepper cultivars grown in an unheated foil tunnel and in the open field. Folia Hortic. 1990;2:29-39.

Lone AH. Effect of spacing and training systems on productivity of capsicum under naturally ventilated polyhouse. MSc thesis CSKHPKV, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh; 2014.

Narayana S, Srinivasulu G, Madhumathi G, Tirupal D. Evaluation of certain varieties and hybrids of capsicum for quality attributes shade net. J Horti; 2015.