Revolutionizing Maize (Zea mays l.) Growth: Evaluating the Impact of Tokyo 8 Microorganism-based Biofertilizer in Southern Côte d'Ivoire Farmers' Fields

Kanga N’guessan Martial *

University of Man, UFR Agronomic, Forestry and Environmental Engineering (IAFE), Côte d'Ivoire.

Yao Kouadio Jacques Edouard

Agricultural Production Improvement Laboratory, Faculty of Agroforestry, Jean Lorougnon Guédé University, Daloa, Côte d'Ivoire.

Kouamé Konan Didier

Plant Physiology and Pathology Teaching and Research Unit of the Biotechnology, Agriculture and Biological Resources Development Laboratory of the Biosciences UFR of the Université Félix Houphouet-Bogny, Côte d'Ivoire.

Blafou Adjoua Grace Vanessa

Plant Physiology and Pathology Teaching and Research Unit of the Biotechnology, Agriculture and Biological Resources Development Laboratory of the Biosciences UFR of the Université Félix Houphouet-Bogny, Côte d'Ivoire.

Motchié Fato Edouard

Science and Technology Department, Life and Earth Sciences Section, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.

Kassi Koffi Fernand Jean-Martial

Plant Physiology and Pathology Teaching and Research Unit of the Biotechnology, Agriculture and Biological Resources Development Laboratory of the Biosciences UFR of the Université Félix Houphouet-Bogny, Côte d'Ivoire.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The exclusive use of mineral fertilisers for production contributes to the destruction of certain microflora and microfauna in the soil, as well as reducing the organic matter content, which in turn reduces soil fertility. With the aim of finding an alternative to crop fertilisation on the farm, a micro-organism-based biofertiliser (Tokyo 8) was introduced and tested on maize crops. Three types of Tokyo 8 doses were tested: T2: Tokyo 8 diluted 50 times, T3: Tokyo 8 diluted 75 times and T4: Tokyo 8 diluted 100 times. In addition, two controls were tested, namely T0: control without fertiliser and T1: control with NPK 12-22-22 fertiliser. The trials were set up in a Fisher block design with three replicates. The results show that, like NPK, biofertiliser improves maize growth parameters and yield components. It provides the mineral elements required for maize growth and development. However, to be used effectively, Tokyo 8 biofertiliser needs to be diluted sensibly. A dilution of 75% seems to be the ideal for optimum use in maize crops.

Keywords: Biofertilizer (Tokyo 8), micro-organisms, maize (Zea mays), Ivory Coast, maize crops, yield components, grain, pests


How to Cite

Martial , K. N., Edouard , Y. K. J., Didier , K. K., Vanessa, B. A. G., Edouard , M. F., & Jean-Martial, K. K. F. (2024). Revolutionizing Maize (Zea mays l.) Growth: Evaluating the Impact of Tokyo 8 Microorganism-based Biofertilizer in Southern Côte d’Ivoire Farmers’ Fields. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, 36(5), 301–314. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijpss/2024/v36i54528

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