Study on Variability and Character Association Analysis in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

Vaishnavi Vilasrao Deshmukh

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj-211007, India.

Sam A. Masih

Department of Molecular and Cellular Engineering, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj-211007, India.

Krishan Kumar Yadav

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj-211007, India.

Ann Maxton *

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj-211007, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is a legume crop belonging to the family Leguminosae (Fabaceae). Therefore, a better insight to the association of yield with its component traits can be helpful in improving the chickpea yield. The present study was conducted with 25 chickpea genotype to understand the magnitude of variability, heritability, genetic advance and the association of various yield components and their direct and indirect effect on yield of chickpea based on twelve traits at Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj during October–January 2022. ANOVA revealed significant variation existed for most of the trait. High GCV, PCV, heritability and genetic advance recorded by harvest index, seed yield, number of pod per plant,  number of seed per pod. Seed yield per plant shows highly significant and positive association with harvest index, number of pod per plant. Harvest index number of pod per plant and biological yield per plant showed highest direct effect on seed yield per plant.

Keywords: Chickpea, correlation and path coefficient analysis, genetic advance, genetic variability and heritability


How to Cite

Deshmukh, V. V., Masih , S. A., Yadav , K. K., & Maxton , A. (2024). Study on Variability and Character Association Analysis in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, 36(5), 329–338. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijpss/2024/v36i54531

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