Response Two Cultivars of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L) to Phosphate Fertilization Level and Bacterial Inoculum

Raghad Ayman Abdelrazzaq *

Department of Field Crops, College of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq.

Muthanna Abdulbasit Ali

Department of Field Crops, College of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The research was conducted during season 2020 in Al-Shallalat area, 5 km northeast of Mosul. The study included three factors, namely, the treatment of seed soaking with water and the bacterial inoculum, two local cultivars of chickpea: large seeds (Kabuli) and small seeds (Desi) and three levels of phosphate fertilization (zero, 50 kg, and 100 kg P2O5. h-1). The study was conducted according to the factorial experiment system, in (R. C. B. D) design. In three replication, some traits of plant are obtained such as: plant height (cm), the height of the first pod above the ground (cm), pod length (cm), number of seeds/ pod, number of pods/plant (total), number of pods/plant (full) number of pods cleavage (empty), percentage of yield, the weight of 100 seeds (g), biological yield (g/plant), Seed yield (g/plant) and harvest index. The results indicate a significantly excelled of the treatment of soaking with bacteria inoculum on the treatment of soaking with water for all the studied traits. And highly significantly excelled in most of the studied traits of Kabuli over Desi cultivar. Most of the binary and triple interactions recorded a significant difference between the bacterial inoculum and the seeds of the Kabuli cultivar.

Keywords: Chickpea, bacterial inoculums, phosphate fertilization

How to Cite

Abdelrazzaq, R. A., & Ali , M. A. (2024). Response Two Cultivars of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L) to Phosphate Fertilization Level and Bacterial Inoculum. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, 36(5), 500–514.


Download data is not yet available.


Jan A. Impact of salt stress and mineral nutrition on Chickpea and Roselle. Post Doctoral Research fellow Report. University of Kebangsaan. Malaysia (UKM); 2010.

Singh KB, Saxena MC. Chickpea. The Tropical Agriculturalist Series. CTA/Macmillan/ICRDA.134 pp. Macmillan Education Ltd., London, UK; 1999.

Al-Younis, Abdel Hamid Ahmed Wafki Shaker Al-Shamma`a. Grain and legume crops. Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research - University of Baghdad. Cultivar; 1980.

Qasim G, Malik AU, Sarfraze M, Alias MA, Bukhsh HA, Ishaque M. Relationships between Laboratory seed quality tests, field emergence and yield of chickpea. J. of Crop and Environment. 2010;1(1):31-34.

Corp M, S. Machado, Ball D, Smiley R, Petrie S, Siemens M, Guy S. Chickpea production Guide. Dry land cropping Systems. Oregon State University. Columbia; 2004.

Almahasneh, Hussain. Effect of Supplemental Irrigation on Yield and its Components of some chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Genotypes. The Arab Journal for Arid Environments. 2015;8(1 - 2):3-11.

AL-Amrei, Mothanah A Basit Ali, Mohammed Abdulwahhab Alnori. Study of growth characters and some quality traits for three chick pea. cultivars (Cicer arietinum L.) using different planting dates and sowing methods. III. International Scientific Conference for Agricultural Sciences. 2019;647-660.

Ali H, Khan MA, Randhawa Sh A. Interactive effect of seed inoculation and phosphorus application on growth and yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 2004;6(1):110-112.

Muthanna A Ali, Omar A Abdulqader, Moyassar M Aziz. Influence of Seed Size and Planting Depth on Some Growth and Quality Characters of Local Broad Bean (Vicia faba L.). International Journal of Agricultural and Statistical; 2020.

El-Hadi EA, El-Sheikh EAE. Effect of Rhizobium inoculation and nitrogen fertilization on yield and protein contents of six chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars in marginal soils under irrigation nutrient cycling in agro ecosystem. 1999;54(1):57-63. (C.F. Sammaries of Monograph, Record 1779 of 210- CAB Abstr. 1998-2000.

Karadavut U, Ozdemir S. Effect of Rhizobium inoculation and nitrogen application on yield and yield characters of chickpea. Anadolu. 2001;11(1):14-22.

Fatima Z, Bano A, Sial R, Aslam M. Response of chickpea to plant growth regulators on nitrogen fixation and yield. Pak. J. Bot. 2008;40(5):2005-2013.

Rudresh DL, Shivaprakash MK, Prasad RD. Effect of combined application of Rhizobium, phosphate solubilizing bacterium and Trichoderma spp. on growth, nutrient uptake and yield of chickpea (Cicer aritenium L.). Applied Soil Ecology. 2005;28:139-146.

Erman M, Demir S, Ocak E, Tufenkci S, Oguz F, kkopru A. Effects of Rhizobium, arbuscular mycorrhiza and whey applications on some properties in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under irrigated and rainfed conditions 1-Yield, yield components, nodulation and AMF colonization. Field Crops Research. 2011; 122(1):14-24.

Togay NY, Togay KM, Cimrin, Turan M. Effect of rhizobium inoculation, sulfur and phosphorus application on yield , yield components and nutrient in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Afr. J. Biotechnol. 2008;776-782.

Singh G, Sekhon HS, Kaur H. Effect of Farmyard manure, vermicompost and chemical nutrients on growth and yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) . Int. J. Agric. Res. 2012;4(3):1-7.

Al-Abadi, Ryan Fadel. The effect of plant density and phosphate fertilizer on the traits of chickpea yield and its components under dry farming conditions. Tikrit University Journal of Agricultural Sciences, a special issue in the Proceedings of the Sixth Scientific Conference on Agricultural Sciences. 2017;698-705.

Sharma RC, Smith El. Selection for high and low harvest index in three winter wheat population crop. Sci. 1986;26:1117-1150.

Namvar A, SeyedSharifi R, Khandan T. Growth analysis and yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in relation to organic and in organic nitrogen fertilization. Ekologija. 2011;57(3):97–108.