Determining the Effect of Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) on Growth and Flower Yield of Tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa L.) cv. Prajwal

M. Rajaselvam

Adhiparasakthi Horticultural College, G.B. Nagar, Kalavai - 632506, Ranipet, Tamil Nadu, India.

R. Sudhagar

Annamalai University, Annamalainagar – 608002, Tamil Nadu, India.

M. Kumaresan *

School of Agriculture, Vels Institute of Science, Technology and Advanced Studies, Pallavaram - 600117, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Tuberose (Polyanthes tuberosa L.) is a highly valued commercial bulbous ornamental plant found in tropical and subtropical climates in the Amaryllidaceae family. It is high demand in both domestic and distant markets due to its long tepels, funnel shape, and strong fragrance. The field experiment was carried out to study the effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and flower yield of tuberose cv. Prajwal during the year of 2021 -2022 at Department of Horticulture, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar, Tamil Nadu. The investigation was laid out in Randomized Block Design with 10 treatments and replicated thrice. The treatments comprised of different levels of FYM (25% and 15%), poultry manure (25% and 15%), vermicompost (25 % and 15 %), inoculation of Azotobacter (2 kg ha-1) and phosphate solubilizing bacteria (2 kg ha-1) along with RDF (100 % and 75 %). Among the different treatments, T10 (75 % RDF + Azotobacter @ 2 kg ha-1 + PSB @ 2 kg ha-1)  was discovered to be more successful in improving all growth, physiological and flowering characters viz.,  plant height (51.75 cm), number of side shoots plant-1 (11.23), leaf area (98.76 cm2), chlorophyll content (0.99 mg g-1), dry matter production (42.37 g plant-1) and flowering and yield parameter viz., number of spike plant-1 (3.12), length of spike (105.30 cm), number of florets spike-1 (56.11) and flower yield ha-1 (15.72 t ha‑1).

Keywords: INM, RDF, tuberose, polyanthes tuberosa, amaryllidaceae, flower and yield


How to Cite

Rajaselvam , M., Sudhagar, R., & Kumaresan , M. (2024). Determining the Effect of Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) on Growth and Flower Yield of Tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa L.) cv. Prajwal. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, 36(6), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijpss/2024/v36i64600

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Hemanta L, Srivastava R, Devi MP. Studies on floral biology of Tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa L.) under Tarai regions of Uttarakhand. Journal of Crop and Weed. 2017;13(2): 106-111.

Alan O, Gunen Y, Ceylan S, Gunen E. Effect of nitrogen applications on flower yield, some quality characteristics and leaf mineral content in tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa L.), Aegean Agric. Res. Ins. Direc., 2007;17(1): 43-57.

Bahadoran M, Salehi H. Growth and Flowering of Two Tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa L.) Cultivars under Deficit Irrigation by Saline Water, J. Agr. Sci. Tech., 2015;17:415-426.

Farooqi AA, Sreeramu BS and Srinivaspa KN. Cultivation of spice crops. Universities press. 2004; 563-570.

Rawat V. Organic all the way. Agrl. Today. 2002; 6:55-56.

Pieters AJ. Green manuring: principles and practices. Agrobios, Jodhpur, India. 2005;234-37

Chaoui I, Zibiliske M and Ohno T. Effect of earthworm casts and compost on soil microbial activity and plant nutrient availability. Soil Biol. Biochem., 2003;35:295-302.

Kumaresan M, Nadhiya Devi K, Rajaselvam M. Effect of organic media on growth and rooting performance of medicinal plants. Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2023;14(6):1855–1858.

Singh SRP, Dhiraj K, Singh VK, Dwivedi R. Effect of NPK fertilizers on growth and flowering of tuberose cv. single. J. of Hort. Sci., 2005;34(1/2): 84.

Garg S, Bahla GS. Phosphorus availability to maize as influenced by organic manures, Biores. Technol., 2008;99: 773- 777.

Zaredost F, Hashemabadi D, Ziyabari MB, Torkashvand AM, Kaviani B, Solimandarabi MJ and Zarchini M. The effect of phosphate biofertilizer on the growth of marigold. J. Environ. Biol., 2014;35(2): 439-443.

Sudhagar R, Rajaselvam M, Kamalakannan S, Kumar S, Maheswari TU. Influence of Integrated Nutrient Management on Growth and Flower Yield of Tuberose (Polianthes Tuberosa L.) CV. Prajwal. Plant Archives. 2020;20(1):2415-8.

Panse VG, Sukhatme PV. Sastical methods for Agricultural workers. ICAR, new Delhi. 1985.

Ajimuddin M. Effect of biofertilizers on the growth and yield of tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa). M. Sc. Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences (GKVK), Bangalore, Karnataka. 2002.

Yadav BS, Singh S, Gupta AK, Beniwal BS. Effect of nitrogen, plant spacing and biofertilizers on N, P and K content in tuberose cv. Double. Haryana J. Horti. Sci., 2005;34 (1-2): 85-86.

Halil Demir, İlker Sönmez, Ufuk Uçan, İsmail Hakkı Akgün. Biofertilizers Improve the Plant Growth, Yield, and Mineral Concentration of Lettuce and Broccoli, Agronomy. 2023;13(8), 2031.

Patil VS, Agasimani AD. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and yield parameters in China aster (Callistephus chinensis). Mysore J. Agric. Sci., 2013;47(2):267-272.

Sunitha HM, Hunje Ravi, Vyakaranahal BS, Ablad HBB. Effect of plant spacing and integrated nutrient management on yield and quality of seed and vegetative growth parameters in African marigold (Tagetes erecta L.). J. Orn. Hort., 2007;10(4): 245-249.

Thumar BV, Barad AV, Neelima P, Nilima B. Effect of integrated system of plant nutrition management on growth, yield and flower quality of African marigold (Tagetes erecta L.) cv. Pusa Narangi. Asian J. Hort., 2013;8(2):466-469.

Gupta NS, Sadavarte KL, Mahorkar VK, Jadhao BJ, Dorak SV. Effect of graded levels of nitrogen and bioinoculants on growth and yield of marigold. J. Soils and Crops. 1999;(1): 80-83.

Srivastava R, Govil M. Influence of biofertilizers on growth and flowering in gladiolus cv. American Beauty. Acta Hort., 2007;742:183-188.

Sumita P, Mitra M, Sadhukhan R. Response of tuberose cv. Prajwal to integrated nutrient management. Environ. and Ecology. 2017;35(4): 3051-3055.

Kathiresan C, Venkatesh J. Effect of biofertilizers with levels of N and P on gladiolus. Floriculture research trend in India. In: Indian Floriculture in the new millennium Proceedings of the National Symposium, Lal Bagh, Bangalore, 25-27, February. 2002; 118-121.

Godse SB, Golliwar VJ, Chopde N, Bramhankar KS and Kore MS. Effect of organic manures and bio fertilizers with reduced doses of inorganic fertilizers on growth, yield and quality of gladiolus. J. soils and Crops, 2006;16(2): 445-449.

Anu Seng Chaupoo, Sunil Kumar. Integrated Nutrient Management in Marigold (Tagetes erecta L.) cv. Pusa Narangi Gainda. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2020; 9(5): 2927-2939.

Achal SS, Lal D, Seth JN. Effect of different levels of nitrogen and phosphorus on growth, flowering and corm yield of gladiolus cv. Vink’s Glory. Progr. Hort., 1984;16(3-4): 304-307.

Gopitha G, Kannan M, Sankari A, Santhi R. Effect of integrated nutrient management on flower quality and physiological parameters of Nerium (Nerium oleander L.), Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2021;10(1):1847-1851.

Barman D, Datta M, De LC, Banik S. Efficiency of phosphate-solubilizing and phytohormone-producing bacteria on the growth and yield of tuberose in acid soil of Tripura. Indian J. of Hort., 2003;60(3): 303-306.

Gayathri HN, Jayaprasad KV, Narayanaswamy P. Response of biofertilizers and their combined application with different levels of inorganic fertilizers in statice (Limonium caspia). J. of Orn. Hort., 2004;7(1):70-74.

Madinat-ul-Nisa, KM Malik, Rather ZA. Effect of biofertilizers on growth, flowering and corm yield in Gladiolus (Tourn.) L. cv. Priscilla. Green Farming. 2016;7(5): 1256-1259.

Narsimharaju S, Haripriya K. Integrated nutrient management in crossandra (Crossandra infundibuliformis L.) cv. Dindigul Local. South Indian Hort. 2001; 49: 181-184.

Dave A, Patel HH. Impact of different carbon and nitrogen sources on phosphate solubilization by Pseudomonas flurescens. Indian J. Microbiol. 2003;43(1): 33-36.

Swaminathan V, Ramaswamy N, Pillai OAA. Effect of Azospirillum, phosphobacteria and inorganic nutrients on the growth and yield of tuberose. South Indian Hort., 1999;47: 331-334.

Mogal SA, DKhiratkar S, Chopde NK, Dalvi AM, Kuchanwar OD, Khobragade YR. Effect of organic manures and biofertilizers with reduced doses of nitrogen on growth, yield and quality of China aster. J. Soils and Crops. 2006;16(1): 180-185.

Abhishek Kumar Upadhya, Rajeev Singh, Pramod KR Singh, Rohit Kumar Sengar, Mohil Kumar and Nikhil Vikram Singh. Effect of integrated nutrient management on plant growth, flower yield of African marigold (Tagetes erecta L.). The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2022;11(5): 2064-2069.

Angadi AP. Effect of integrated nutrient management on yield, economics and nutrient uptake of garland chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum coronarium L.) The Asian J. Horticulture, 2014;9(1):132-135.

Kumar Sunil, Singh RP. Effect of nitrogen, bulb size and plant density on growth, flowering and yield of tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa L.). J. Orn. Hort., 1998;1(1): 6-10.

Patil PR, Reddy BS, Patil SR, Kulkarni BS. Effect of community planting and fertilizer levels on growth and flower yield of tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa L.) cv. Double. South Indian Hort. 1999;47(1/6): 335- 338.