Influence of Different Substrates on Nutrient Composition of Vermicompost and Vermiwash

A.B. Jadhav *

Vermicompost Unit, Division of Soil Science, College of Agriculture, College of Agriculture, Pune Mahatma Phule Krushi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri, Maharashtra, India.

A.B. Gosavi

Vermicompost Unit, Division of Soil Science, College of Agriculture, College of Agriculture, Pune Mahatma Phule Krushi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri, Maharashtra, India.

S.A. Jadhav

Vermicompost Unit, Division of Soil Science, College of Agriculture, College of Agriculture, Pune Mahatma Phule Krushi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri, Maharashtra, India.

A.V. Patil

Vermicompost Unit, Division of Soil Science, College of Agriculture, College of Agriculture, Pune Mahatma Phule Krushi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri, Maharashtra, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of different substrates on nutrient composition of vermicompost and vermiwash at Division of Soil Science, College of Agriculture, Pune during 2022-23. High density polyethylene beds of 12 X 4 X 2 feet size were used for production of vermicompost. While 200 liter capacity plastic barrels were employed for vermiwash preparation. There were five treatments of substrate combination like 25% rain tree litter (RTL) + 75% paddy straw spent mushroom compost (PSSMC); 50%tree litter+50% paddy straw spent mushroom compost (PSSMC); 75% tree litter+25% paddy straw spent mushroom compost (PSSMC); 100% rain tree litter, 100% paddy straw spent mushroom compost (PSSMC) were used for the preparation of vermicompost with earthworm Eisenia fetida and replicated four times in completely randomized block design. There were ten plastic barrels of above capacity were used for by using vermicompost prepared from different substrate combinations. The sampling, harvesting and characterization of vermiwash was done in duplicate for first and second harvest after incubation period of 15 days.

Results showed that pH, EC, organic matter, C: N ratio, total nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, iron, zinc, manganese, copper in vermicompost were significantly influenced by different proportions of rain tree litter and paddy straw spent mushroom compost. C: N ratio of vermicompost prepared by using rain tree litter and paddy straw spent mushroom compost was ranged between 9.71 and 16.19. Significantly higher total nitrogen (2.31%), phosphorus (1.185%), potassium (0.863%), iron (1072 mg kg-1), manganese (231.50 mg kg-1), zinc (254 mg kg-1) and copper (54.25 mg kg-1) were noted in vermicompost from 100% rain tree litter. Significantly high EC (total soluble salts) at first and second harvest of vermiwash was reported when 100% rain tree litter compost and vermicompost as substrate used. Further, vermiwash prepared by using vermicompost from rain tree litter reported significantly higher nitrogen (0.65 and 0.51%), phosphorus (0.33 and 0.27%) and potassium (0.27 and 0.23%) content at both harvest respectively but higher content was in first harvest. Vermiwash prepared from 100% raintree litter vermicompost reported significantly higher Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu content at both harvesting stage.

Keywords: Rain tree litter waste, spent mushroom compost, vermicompost, vermiwash


How to Cite

Jadhav, A., Gosavi , A., Jadhav , S., & Patil , A. (2024). Influence of Different Substrates on Nutrient Composition of Vermicompost and Vermiwash. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, 36(6), 340–352. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijpss/2024/v36i64636

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Cegarra J, Famandez FM, Tercero A, Roig A. Effects of vermicomposting of some components of organic wastes. Preliminary results. Mitteilungen-aus-dem- hamburgischen zoologischen-museum- und-Institute. 1992;89:159–167.

Talukdar NC. Soil-plant microbe interaction for sustainable productivity and soil quality. In: Compendium of the National Seminar on Soil Health and Food Security with Special Reference to North East Region of India; Imphal, India 2008;111–126.

Thakur SK, Sharma CR.. Effect of rock phosphate enrichment and Azotobacter inoculation on the transformation of nitrogen and phosphorus during composting. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science 1998;46:228 – 231.

Tiwari SC, Tiwari BK, Mishra RR. Microbial populations, enzymatic activities, nitrogen—phosphorus—potash enrichment in earthworm casts and in the surrounding soil of a pineapple plantation. Biology and Fertility of Soils. 1989;8:178–182

Atiyeh RM, Lee Edwards CA, Arancon NQ, Metzger JD .The influence of humic acids derived from earthworm-processed organic wastes on plant growth. Bio-resource Technology 2002;84:7–14

Kansai N, Chaisuwan N, Supakata N. Characteristics of carbonized briquettes from rain tree (Samanea saman) residues and coffee ground/tea waste for domestic household cooking. Engineering Journal. 2018;(22):47–63.

Suntararak S. The utilization of mixed food scraps and rain tree (Samanea saman) leaves compost in rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties RD 6 growing, Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Science Rajabhat Buriram University; 2014.

Edwards CA, Lofty JR. Biology of Earthworms, Chapman & Hall, London, 1972;283.Gaur, AC. Singh G. Role of IPNS in sustainable and environmentally sound agricultural developments in India. PAO/RAPA/Bulletin. 1993;199-313.

Hand P, Hayes WA, Frankland JC, Satchell JE. Vermicomposting of cow slurry. Pedobiologia 1998;31;199–209. Available:https://doi.org/10.1078/S0031- 4056(04)70084-0

Haque MA, Ali MI, Khan MK. Quantifying N availability from legume tree prunings for a rice and wheat rotation. Thai Journal of Agricultural Science. 1999;32(1):41-47.

Unchalika Klomklang, Nisachol Kulsirilak, Nuttakorn Intaravicha2, Nuta Supakata. Engineering Journal. 2021,25(4). DOI:10.4186/ej.2021.25.4.1

Ritu Nagar, Anurag Titov, Praveesh Bhati. Government Madhav Science PG College, Ujjain, (MP), India Vermicomposting of Leaf litters: Way to convert waste in to Best International Journal of Current Science 2017;20(4):E25-30. Research Article ISSN 2250-1770.

AOAC. Official method of analysis: Association of analytical chemists. 19th Edition,Washington DC. 2012;121-130.

Gaur AC, Singh G. Role of IPNS in sustainable and environmentally sound agricultural development in India. PAO/RAPA Bulletin. 1993;199–313.

AB Jadhav, AB Gosavi, ST Majik, SU Deshmukh, AV Patil, DD Sawale, Ahire SG. Nutrient composition of vermicompost as influenced by rain tree litter (Samanea saman) and paddy spent mushroom compost. Pharma Innovation. 2023;12(1):2622-2626.

Ansari, AA, Sukhraj K. Effect of vermiwash and vermicompost on soil parameters and productivity of okra (Abelomoschus esculentus) in Guyana. African Journal Agriculture Research. 2010;5:1794-1798.

Available:https://doi.org/10.5897/ajar09.1 07

Jaikishun S, Hunte N, Ansari AA, Gomathinayagam S. Effect of vermiwash from different sources (Bagasse, Neem, Paddy Straw in different combinations) in controlling fungal diseases and growth of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) Fruits in Guyana. Journal of Biological Sciences. 2014;14(8):501–507. Available:https://doi.org/10.3923/jbs.2014. 501.507

Durga S, Ramasubramanian V. Quantification of micro and macro nutrients from different types of vermiwashes. Indian Journal of Science. 2015;15:50-58.