Organic Farming vs. Integrated Nutrient Management: A Comparative Review of Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability

Abhishek Kumar

Department of Agronomy, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara- 144411, Punjab, India.

Naval Chandel

Department of Agronomy, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara- 144411, Punjab, India.

Barkha *

Department of Agronomy, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara- 144411, Punjab, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

In an era where sustainable agriculture is crucial for global food security and environmental preservation, organic farming and Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) have emerged as leading practices. This review paper offers a comprehensive comparison of these two approaches, focusing on their impact on agricultural productivity and sustainability. Organic farming, with its emphasis on reducing the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, growth hormones, and feed additives, aligns closely with the principles of sustainability. It enhances food quality, promotes soil health, and mitigates adverse environmental effects by encouraging natural recovery cycles. However, organic farming's limitations, such as lower yields and a more labour-intensive approach have prompted interest in innovative solutions that blend organic practices with modern technologies. Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) presents a compelling alternative. By combining organic, inorganic, and biological nutrient sources, INM seeks to optimize nutrient use efficiency and maintain soil health. This approach offers a flexible nutrient management strategy, balancing organic and inorganic inputs to maintain crop productivity while reducing environmental impact. Studies have shown that INM can improve soil properties, such as bulk density, porosity, and water-holding capacity, leading to enhanced crop yields and lower greenhouse gas emissions. The paper explores how INM's integrated approach not only stabilizes crop production but also supports the growth of soil microbes, providing a source of energy and organic carbon. By using a combination of specific microorganisms, organic matter, and minimal doses of inorganic fertilizers, INM can achieve a harmonious balance that reduces environmental pollution and ensures long-term soil fertility. Ultimately, this review underscores the potential of combining organic and INM practices to create a sustainable and productive agricultural system. Through a comparative analysis, the paper aims to guide researchers, policymakers, and farmers towards adopting strategies that foster agricultural sustainability without compromising productivity.

Keywords: Bulk density, porosity, Organic farming, productivity, sustainability, water-holding capacity


How to Cite

Kumar, A., Chandel, N., & Barkha. (2024). Organic Farming vs. Integrated Nutrient Management: A Comparative Review of Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, 36(6), 460–473. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijpss/2024/v36i64648

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