Performance of ZZ (Zamioculcas zamiifolia) Cultivars on Different Organic Potting Mixture

Sangloi *

Department of Horticulture, Nagaland University, SAS, Medziphema -797106, India.

Rokolhuü Keditsu

Department of Horticulture, Nagaland University, SAS, Medziphema -797106, India.

Abdul Rahman M

Department of Horticulture, Nagaland University, SAS, Medziphema -797106, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


An experiment was carried out at the research cum instructional farm, Department of Horticulture, School of Agricultural Sciences, Nagaland University, Medziphema, India (2022-2023). The experiment was laid out in completely randomized design (CRD) with 14 treatments and 3 replications. The treatments consisted of organic substrates (T1: FYM, T2: Vermicompost, T3: Used tea leaves, T4: Forest litter, T5: Cocopeat, T6: Perlite and T7: Rice husk) and 2 cultivars (C1: Super Nova and C2: Black Raven). The rooted plants of ZZ cultivars were planted in different organic substrates along with garden soil and sand in the ratio of 1:1:1. Among the cultivars, C1 (Super Nova) was found to be significantly better than Black Raven. Amongst the organic substrates, T5 (Garden soil + sand + cocopeat) was found to be statistically superior in all observed parameters except for plant height which was found to be in maximum in T4 (Garden soil + sand + forest litter). The same treatment of T5 exhibited the highest profit (Rs. 12250) and benefit cost ratio (1.89) on ZZ cultivar Black Raven.

Keywords: ZZ (Zamioculcas zamiifolia), potting mixture, cocopeat, forest litter

How to Cite

Sangloi, Keditsu, R., & M, A. R. (2024). Performance of ZZ (Zamioculcas zamiifolia) Cultivars on Different Organic Potting Mixture. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, 36(6), 504–510.


Download data is not yet available.


Bentham G, Hooker JD. Genera plantarum. L.Reeve and Co., London. 1883;3

Engler A. Prantl K. Araceae. Dienaturlichen Pflanzenfamilien. 1889;2: 102-159.

Chen J, Henny RJ, McConell DB. Development of New Foliage Plant Cultivars, Trend in New Crops and New Uses, ASHS Press, Alexandria. 2002; 446-452.

Chen J, Henny RJ. ZZ. A Unique Tropical Ornamental Foliage Plant, HortTechnology. 2003;13(3):458-462.

Bisht D. 17 stunning ZZ plant varieties. Zamioculcas zamiifolia. An overview; 2023.

Wyman E. Varieties of ZZ plant-Beautiful plant for your home; 2022.


Seneviratne KACN, Kuruppu Arachchi KAJM, Seneviratne G, Premarathna M. Zamioculcas zamiifolia novel plants with dwarf features and variegated leaves induced by colchicine. Ceylon Journal of Science. 2020;49(2):203-207.

Seneviratne KACN, Daundasekera WAM, Kulasooriya SA, Wijesundara DSA. Development of rapid propagation methods and miniature plant for export-oriented foliage, Zamioculcas zamiifolia. Ceylon Journal of Science (Bio Sci.). 2013;42(1):55-62.

Sayadi Nejad M, Sadeghi SM. Optimization of callus production and regeneration of (Zamioculcas zamiifolia). Journal of Horticultural Science. 2019;33 (3):405-415.

Gruda N, Prasad M, Maher MJ. Soilless culture.In:R.Lal (ed) Encyclopedia of soil sciences.Taylor & Francis.Boca Raton, Fl, USA; 2006.

Argo WR. Root medium chemical properties. Hort.Technol. 1998;8:846-894.

Abad M, Noguera P, Puchades R, Maquieira A, Noguera V. Physico-chemical and chemical properties of some coconut dusts for use as a peat substitute for containerized ornamental plants. Bioresource Technology. 2002;82 (3):241-245.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research (2nd edition). John Willey and Sons, New York. 1983;20-29.

Kumar S, Tirkey T, Singh R, Basant DK, Markam IR. Performance of different gladiolus (Gladiolus grandiflora L.) cultivars under Chattisgarh plains agroclimatic zone conditions. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2020;9(10): 291-293.

Gohil P, Gohil M, Rajatiya J, Halepotara F, Solanki M, Malam VR, Barad R. Role of growing media for ornamental of plants. International Journal of Pure and Applied Bioscience. 2018;6(1):1219-1224.

Thakur N, Nair SA, Kumar R, Bharathi TU, Dhananjaya MV, Venugopalan R. Evaluation of chrysanthemum (Dendranthema grandiflora Tzevelev) for desirable horticultural traits. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2018;7(8):565-574.

Lohani S, Adhikari S, Aryal LN, Bhusal Y, Kadariya M, Aryal S. Evaluation of different growing media for tomato and sweet pepper seedling raising in pokhara,Nepal. The Journal of Agriculture and Environment. 2023;24:109-118.

Ghosh M, Talukdar MC. Standardization of growing media for ornamental plant species grown in a vertical garden system in Assam. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 2021;10(10):363-368.

Arora JS, Khanna K. Evaluation of gladiolus cultivars. Journal of Research of Punjab Agricultural University. 1985;22(4): 655-662.

Rani RK, Prasad KK, Ranjan R. Study on varietal performance in gladiolus. The Orissa Journal of Horticulture. 2007;35(2): 35-38.

Swetha S, Padmalatha T, Dhanumjaya K, Shankar AS. Effect of potting media on growth and quality in Aglaonema. The Journal of Horticultural Sciences. 2014;9 (1):90-93.

Prasad M. Physical, chemical and biological properties of coir dust. Acta Horticulturae. 1997;450:21-29.

Kumari K, Kumar S. Evaluation performance of gladiolus varieties for vegetative, floral and corm and cormel characters under Tarai conditions. International Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 2015;33(2):1617-1620.

Barazani O, Friedman J. Allelopathic bacteria and their impact on higher plants. Crit.rev.Microbiol. 2001;27:41-55.

Rawat R, Vaisth A, Kumar V. Effect of growing media on growth parameters of two important aromatic crops of Grahwal Himalaya. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2020;9(2):417-421.

Singh D, Kaur A. Response of rooting media on sprouting propagation through cuttings in peach (Prunus persica) cv. Shan-i-Punjab. Research on Crops. 2021;22(1):68-73.

Devidas KB. Effect of IBA and rooting media on growth of pomegranate cuttings (Punica granatum L).Msc Thesis submitted to Vasantrao Naik Marathwada KrishiVidyapeeth,Prabhani,Maharashtra, India; 2012.

Singh S, Dubey RK, Kukal SS. Performance of cocopeat amended media mixtures on growth and flowering of chrysanthemum. Journal of Applied Horticulture. 2015;17(3):230-235.