Enhancing Nutritional Value of Urdbean (Vigna mungo L. hepper) Through Agronomic Biofortification with Zinc and Iron

Anand Dinesh Jejal *

Department of Agronomy, Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola, India.

Milind Dattatraya Giri

Department of Agronomy, Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola, India.

Shirish Ganpat Nagoshe

Department of Agronomy, Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola, India.

Yogesh Achyutrao Shaniware

Department of Agricultural Botany, College of Agriculture, Dhule, Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri, Maharashtra, Pin: 424004, India.

Sujal Sanjay Bachhav

Division of Soil Science, College of Agriculture, Pune, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Zn & Fe deficiencies are prevalent nutritional concerns globally, particularly in developing countries, leading to various health complications such as stunted growth, anaemia, and compromised immune function. Traditional methods of addressing these deficiencies, such as dietary supplementation, are often limited in effectiveness, especially in regions with resource constraints.

Biofortification emerges as a promising strategy to address iron and zinc deficiencies in populations with limited access to diverse diets. In this study, we investigate the efficacy of foliar applications of zinc sulphate (ZnSO4) and ferrous sulphate (FeSO4) at different growth stages of Urdbean (Vigna mungo) to enhance the concentration of these essential minerals in the grains. By utilizing agronomic practices, we aim to increase the nutritional value of urdbean grains, thereby contributing to the alleviation of malnutrition.

The study was conducted at the Research Farm of the Department of Agronomy, Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola. The experimental design comprised a randomized block design with three replications. Ten treatments were evaluated, including various combinations of foliar applications of ZnSO4 and FeSO4 at flower and pod initiation stage, along with control treatments. Foliar sprays were applied plot-wise as per the designated treatments.

Among the treatments, T7, which involved the foliar application of both ZnSO4 and FeSO4 at flower and pod initiation stages, exhibited the highest increase in Zn & Fe concentration in urdbean seeds. Conversely, treatment T10, which received 100% RDF showed lesser improvements in nutrient concentration compared to other treatments.

Foliar applications of ZnSO4 and FeSO4 at specific growth stages effectively increased the concentration of Zn & Fe in urdbean grains along with yield. Further optimization of nutrient application rates and timing may be necessary to balance nutritional enhancement with yield considerations. Biofortification through agronomic practices holds promise as a sustainable approach to addressing nutritional deficiencies and promoting food security in resource-constrained regions.

Keywords: Vigna mungo, foliar application, nutritional malnutrition, agronomic biofortification, zinc, iron, PDKV micro grade X


How to Cite

Jejal, A. D., Giri, M. D., Nagoshe, S. G., Shaniware, Y. A., & Bachhav, S. S. (2024). Enhancing Nutritional Value of Urdbean (Vigna mungo L. hepper) Through Agronomic Biofortification with Zinc and Iron. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, 36(6), 562–569. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijpss/2024/v36i64659

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

World Health Organization. The world health report 2002: Reducing risks, promoting healthy life; 2002. Available:https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9241562072 (Accessed September 15,2022)

Bouis HE, Saltzman A. Improving nutrition through biofortification: A review of evidence from harvest plus, 2003 through 2016. Glob Food Sec. 2017; 12:49–58. DOI: 10.1016/j.gfs.2017.01.009

Gödecke T, Stein AJ, Qaim M. The global burden of chronic and hidden hunger: Trends and determinants. Glob Food Sec. 2018;17:21–9. DOI: 10.1016/j.gfs.2018.03.004

Akhtar S. Zinc status in South Asian populations--an update. J Health Popul Nutr. 2013 Jun;31(2):139-49. DOI: 10.3329/jhpn.v31i2.16378 PMID: 23930332 PMCID: PMC3702335

Harrison GG. Public health interventions to combat micronutrient deficiencies. Public Health Rev. 2010;32:256–66. DOI: 10.1007/BF03391601

World Health Organization and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Guidelines on Food Fortification with Micronutrients. Edited by Allen L, Benoist B, Dary O, Hurrell R. Geneva, Switzerland; 2006.

Desta MK, Broadley MR, McGrath SP, Hernandez-Allica J, Hassall KL, Gameda S, et al. Plant available zinc is influenced by landscape position in the Amhara region. Ethiopia Plants. 2021; 10:254.

DOI: 10.3390/plants10020254

Dhayal BC, Shukla UN, Kumhar SR, Singh U, Kumawat MM, Prewa HP,Meena RC. Performance of mungbean in response to zinc and iron through agronomic mechanism of biofortification. Environment and Ecology. 2023 Oct;41 (4D):2965-74.

Hall A, Bobrow E, Brooker S, Jukes M, Nokes K, et al. Anaemia in schoolchildren in eight countries in Africa and Asia. Public Health Nutr. 2001;4:749–56. DOI: 10.1079/PHN2000111

Hall A, Bobrow E, Brooker S, Jukes M, Nokes K, et al. Anaemia in schoolchildren in eight countries in Africa and Asia. Public Health Nutr. 2001;4:749–56.

DOI: 10.1079/PHN2000111

White PJ, Broadley MR. Biofortification of crops with seven mineral elements often lacking in human diets–iron, zinc, copper, calcium, magnesium, selenium and iodine. New Phytol. 2009;182:49–84.

DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02738.x

Kumssa DB, Mossa AW, Amede T, Ander EL, Bailey EH, Botoman L, et al. Cereal grain mineral micronutrient and soil chemistry data from GeoNutrition surveys in Ethiopia and Malawi. Sci Data; 2022.

Marschner H. Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. Academic Press; 2012.

Saini AK, Singh R. Effect of Sulphur and iron fertilization on growth and yield of greengram. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. Appl. Sci. 2017;6(6):1922–1929.

Shojaei H, Makarian H. The effect of nano and non-nano zinc oxide particles foliar application on yield and yield components of mungbean (Vigna radiate L.) under drought stress. Iranian J. Field Crop. Res. 2015;12:727–737.

Stuart J, Nicholson F, Rollett A, Chambers B, Gleadthorpe AD, Vale M. The defra agricultural soil heavy metal inventory for 2008 Report 3 for Defra Project SP0569; 2010.

De Valença AW, Bake A, Brouwer ID, Giller KE. Agronomic biofortification of crops to fight hidden hunger in sub-Saharan Africa. Glob Food Sec. 2017;12:8–14.

DOI: 10.1016/j.gfs.2016.12.001

Gashu D, Nalivata PC, Amede T, Ander EL, Bailey EH, Botoman L, et al. The nutritional quality of cereals varies geospatially in Ethiopia and Malawi. Nature. Partnership for Child Development. Principal investigators; 2021.

Lindsay WL, Norvell WA. Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese, and copper†. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 1978;42:421-428.

Available:https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1978.03615995004200030009x

Soni J, Kushwaha HS. Effect of foliar spray of zinc and iron on productivity of mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczeck]. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry; 2019.

Minnocci A, Francini A, Romeo S, Sgrignuoli AD, Povero G, Sebastiani L. Zn-localization and anatomical changes in leaf tissues of green beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) following foliar application of Zn-lignosulfonate and ZnEDTA. Sci. Hortic. 2018;231:15–21.

Shalal KH, Mohammed HA. The effect of zinc and abscisic acid on the growth of mung bean plant affected by moisture tension. Ann. R.S.C.B. 2021;25;135–151.

Umair Hassan M, Aamer M, Umer Chattha M, Haiying T, Shahzad B, Barbanti L, Nawaz M, Rasheed A, Afzal A, Liu Y, Guoqin H. The critical role of zinc in plants facing the drought stress. Agriculture. 2020;10(9):396.

Alwahibi MS, Elshikh MS, Alkahtani J, Muhammad A, Khalid S, Ahmad M, Khan N, Ullah S, Ali I. Phosphorus and zinc fertilization improve zinc biofortification in grains and straw of coarse vs. fine rice genotypes. Agronomy. 2020;10(8): 1155.

Pal V, Singh G, Dhaliwal SS. Yield enhancement and biofortification of chickpea Cicer arietinum L. grain with iron and zinc through foliar application of ferrous sulfate and urea. J. Plant Nutr. 2019;42:1789–1802.

Schmidt W, Thomine S, Buckhout TJ. Iron nutrition and interactions in plants. Front. Plant Sci. 2020;10:1670.

Suganya A, Saravanan A, Manivannan N. Role of zinc nutrition for increasing zinc availability, uptake, yield, and quality of maize (Zea mays L.) grains: An overview. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 202051(15):2001–2021.

Haider MU, Hussain M, Farooq M, Nawaz A. Soil application of zinc improves the growth, yield and grain zinc biofortification of mungbean. Soil Environ. 2018;37:123–128.

Jamal A, Khan MI, Tariq M, Fawad M. Response of mung bean crop to different levels of applied iron and zinc. J. Hortic. Plant Res. 2018;3(13):13–22.

Kawakami Y, Bhullar NK. Molecular processes in iron and zinc homeostasis and their modulation for biofortification in rice. J. Integr. Plant Biol. 2018;60:1181–1198.

Zewail RMY, El-Gmal IS, Khaitov B, El-Desouky HS. Micronutrients through foliar application enhance growth, yield and quality of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.). J. Plant Nutr. 2020;43(15): 2275 –2285.