Effect of Foliar Nutrition and Vine Top Harvesting in Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.) for Growth, Vine Top and Tuber Yield

Bhupasamudram Neeraja

Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, Vellayani, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala -695522, India.

B. Renjan *

Farming Systems Research Station, Kerala Agricultural University, Sadanandapuram, Kottarakkara, Kollam, Kerala -691531, India.

B. Bindu

Farming Systems Research Station, Kerala Agricultural University, Sadanandapuram, Kottarakkara, Kollam, Kerala -691531, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

A field experiment was conducted at Farming Systems Research Station, Sadanandapuram, Kerala Agricultural University, Kerala, India during rabi 2022 with 12 treatments replicated thrice in randomised block design. Treatments included 2 factors, factor A having foliar nutrition (urea 2 %, multi-micronutrient mixture 0.5%, combination of urea 2% + micronutrient mixture 0.5%, and control). Factor B vine harvesting time (30, 45 DAP and control). The results showed that foliar application of 2% urea followed by 0.5 % multi micronutrient mixture registered significant highest growth attributes (vine length, number of branches, dry matter production), yield attributes, tuber and vine top yield. In case of time of vine top harvesting indicated that vine top harvest  at 45 DAP gave the higher tuber and vine top yield and  it was on par with vine harvesting time at 30 DAP. No leaf harvesting recorded the lowest tuber yield.

Keywords: Sweet potato, foliar nutrition, growth and yield attributes, vine top harvesting


How to Cite

Neeraja , Bhupasamudram, B. Renjan, and B. Bindu. 2024. “Effect of Foliar Nutrition and Vine Top Harvesting in Sweet Potato (Ipomoea Batatas (L.) Lam.) for Growth, Vine Top and Tuber Yield”. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science 36 (7):42-53. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijpss/2024/v36i74708.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

FAOSTAT. Available:http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC (online):2017.

Laurie S, Faber M, Adebola P, Belete A. Biofortification of sweet potato for food and nutrition security in South Africa. Food Research International. 2015;76:962-70.

Prakash P, Kishore A, Roy D, Behura D, Immanuel S. Biofortification for reducing hidden hunger: A value chain analysis of sweet potato in Odisha. Agricultural Economics Research Review. 2017;30(2): 201-211

Lim S, Xu J, Kim J, Chen TY, Su X, Standard J, Carey E, Griffin J, Herndon B, Katz B, Tomich J. Role of anthocyanin‐enriched purple‐fleshed sweet potato p40 in colorectal cancer prevention. Molecular nutrition and food research. 2013;57(11):1908-1917.

Vishnu VR, Renjith RS, Mukherjee A, Anil SR, Sreekumar J, Jyothi AN. Comparative study on the chemical structure and in vitro antiproliferative activity of anthocyanins in purple root tubers and leaves of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 2019;67 (9):2467-2475.

John K S. Soil-plant nutrition of sweet potato and minor tuber crops: A review. Journal of Root Crops. 2011:37(2):111-124.

Chen X, Kou M, Tang Z, Zhang A, Li H, Wei M. Responses of root physiological characteristics and yield of sweet potato to humic acid urea fertilizer. Plos one. 2017; 12(12):e0189715.

Njiti VN, Xia Q, Tyler LS, Stewart LD, Tenner AT, Zhang C, Alipoe D, Chukwuma F, Gao M. Influence of prohexadione calcium on sweetpotato growth and storage root yield. HortScience. 2013;48 (1):73-76.

Frankow-Lindberg BE, Lindberg JE. Effect of harvesting interval and defoliation on yield and chemical composition of leaves, stems and tubers of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L. (Lam.)) plant parts. Field Crops Research. 2003;82(1):49-58.

Duan W, Zhang H, Xie B, Wang B, Zhang L. Impacts of nitrogen fertilization rate on the root yield, starch yield and starch physicochemical properties of the sweet potato cultivar Jishu 25. PloS one. 2019; 14(8):e0221351.

Kakabouki I, Togias T, Folina AE, Karydogianni S, Zisi C, Bilalis D. Evaluation of yield and nitrogen utilisation with urease and nitrification inhibitors in sweet potato crop (L.). Folia horticulturae. 2020;32(2):147-157.

Saif El-Deen UM, Gouda AE, Badawy AS. Effect of foliar spray with some micronutrients and slow release nitrogen fertilizers rates on productivity and quality of sweet potato (Ipomoea batats L.). Journal of Plant Production. 2015;6(8): 1277-91.

Hassan M, EI-Seifi SK, Omar FA, Saif ED. Effect of mineral and bio-phosphate fertilization and foliar application of micronutrients on growth, yield and quality of sweet potato. Journal of Plant Production. 2005;30(10):6149-6166.

Kumar JS, Niwas N, Jose S, Sunitha S. Study on effect of various levels of nitrogen on growth, yield and quality of sweet potato varieties [Ipomoea batatas (L) Lam.]. Journal of Crop and Weed. 2023; 19(1):16-21.

Relente FAC, Asio LG. Nitrogen application improved the growth and yield performance of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L) Lam.). Annals of Tropical Research. 2020;42(1):45-55.

El-Tohamy WA, El-Abagy HM, Abou-Hussein SD, Singer SM, El-Abd SO. Responses of some sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) cultivars to foliar application of micronutrients under sandy soil conditions. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological. 2014;10(2):87-92.

Praveen singh. Influence of potassium and zinc applications on growth and yield traits of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.). An international quarterly journal of environmental sciences. 2016; (9):251-255.

Hartemink AE, Johnston M, O’sullivan JN, Poloma S. Nitrogen use efficiency of taro and sweet potato in the humid lowlands of Papua New Guinea. Agriculture, ecosystems & environment. 2000;79(2-3): 271-80.

Ali RAM. Effect of Nitrogen Fertilizer Types and Microelements on Growth, Yield and Chemical Constituents of Tuberous Root of Sweet Potato (Ipomoean batatas L, Lam). Alexandria Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2019;64(5):319-329.

Du X, Xi M, Kong L. Split application of reduced nitrogen rate improves nitrogen uptake and use efficiency in sweet potato. Scientific Reports. 2019;9(1): 14058.

Suminarti N, Novriani R. The effect of defoliation and position of planting stem cuttings on the growth and yield of sweet potato plants (Ipomoea batatas L.) Lam. Var. Sari. Journal Biodjati. 2017; 2(1):21-29.

Krishanveni V, Padmalatha T, Padma SS, Parsad ALN. Effect of Pinching and plant growth regulators on growth and flowering in fenugreek Trigonella foenumgraecum. Plant Archives. 2014;14(2):901-907.

Munetsi M. Effect of cutting position and vine pruning level on growth and yield of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas l.). Agricultural and Food Sciences. 2015;47.

Abewoy D, Banjaw D, Lemma D, Megersa H. Influence of Vine Pruning Level and Varieties on Growth and Yield of Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) at Wondo Genet, Southern Ethiopia. World Journal of Agriculture and Soil Science. 2022;8(3): 2641-6379.

Rehaman DS, Somashekar HMAU, Krishnamurthy KS, Vishwanath R, Navi K, L. Effect of Foliar Nutrition on Growth and Yield of Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan. (L.) Mill sp.]. Asian Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 2024;10(2):142–149.

Available:https://doi.org/10.9734/ajsspn/2024/v10i2270

Patel NA, Mangroliya RM, Patel JJ. Role of Micronutrients Foliar Nutrition in Vegetable Production: A Review. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International. 2022;44(11):159–168. Available:https://doi.org/10.9734/jeai/2022/v44i112062

Ishfaq M, Kiran A, ur Rehman H, Farooq M, Ijaz NH, Nadeem F, Azeem I, Li X, Wakeel A. Foliar nutrition: Potential and challenges under multifaceted agriculture. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 2022;200:104909.