Evaluating the Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Soil from Various Blocks in Sahibganj District, Jharkhand, India

Muskan

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Naini Agricultural Institute (NAI), Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj, 211 007 U.P., India.

Narendra Swaroop

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Naini Agricultural Institute (NAI), Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj, 211 007 U.P., India.

Tarence Thomas

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Naini Agricultural Institute (NAI), Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj, 211 007 U.P., India.

Kamlendra Kumar *

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Naini Agricultural Institute (NAI), Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj, 211 007 U.P., India.

Ashima Thomas

Department of Agro-Food Sciences and Technology, University of Bologna, Italy.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

This research topic entitled " Evaluating the Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Soil from Various Blocks in Sahibganj District, Jharkhand, India" was carried out at the Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj. Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry formerly called Naini Agricultural Institute, Uttar Pradesh. During the year 2023-2024. The soil samples were collected at three depths: 0-15 cm, 15-30 cm, and 30-45 cm, from nine different villages of three different blocks of Sahibganj areas, summing to 27 samples collected and analyzed for their physical parameters by using standard Laboratory Techniques. The result showed that The Soil Textural class identified were Sandy Loam. The sand, silt and clay percentage varied from 67.00 to 68.64 sand, 14.10 to 19.82 silt and 11.80 to 18.70 clay in Sandy Loam. Bulk Density was varied from the1.17 Mg m-3 to 1.44 Mg m-3. The Particle Density varied from 2.22 Mg m-3 to 2.48 Mg m-3. The Pore Space (%) ranged from 41.66% to 47.64 The Water Holding Capacity (%) ranged from 33.18 to 45.17. The pH value ranged from 6.15to 6.70 indicating acidity. The Electrical Conductivity ranged from 0.20 to 0.33 dS m-1. The value of total Organic Carbon (%) varied from 0.27 to 0.44%. The available Nitrogen content of soil ranged from 210 to 277.3 kg ha-1 and nitrogen content was low in all villages. The available Phosphorus content of soil ranged from 23.62 to 39.32 kg ha-1. Available Potassium content of soil ranged 212.57to 245.7 kg ha-1. To avoid yield losses from nutrient deficiencies, prescribed fertilizer doses should be applied in these locations in accordance with crop response to soil tests.

Keywords: Soil health, Sahibganj district, Jharkhand, physico-chemical properties, texture


How to Cite

Muskan, Narendra Swaroop, Tarence Thomas, Kamlendra Kumar, and Ashima Thomas. 2024. “Evaluating the Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Soil from Various Blocks in Sahibganj District, Jharkhand, India”. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science 36 (7):89-97. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijpss/2024/v36i74711.

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