Effect of Phosphorus and Bioinoculants on Nutrient Uptake and Available Soil Nutrients by Black Gram (Vigna mungo L.)

Pramita Manna

Department of Agronomy, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara-144411, Punjab, India.

Rajesh Kumar *

Department of Agronomy, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara-144411, Punjab, India.

Navjot Rana

Department of Agronomy, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara-144411, Punjab, India.

Animesh Ghosh Bag

Department of Soil Science and Agriculture Chemistry, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara-144411, Punjab, India.

Arka Manna

Department of Agricultural Entomology, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Nadia, West Bengal, India.

Titli Nandi

Department of Agronomy, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara-144411, Punjab, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Aims: To investigate the effect of phosphorus and bioinoculants on nutrient uptake and available soil nutrients by black gram.

Study Design: Randomized Block Design.

Place and Duration of Study: Agronomy farm of Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab during summer (2023).

Methodology: The experiment comprised of nine treatment combinations (T1- control, T2- 20 kg P2O5 ha-1, T3- 40 kg P2O5 ha-1, T4-20 kg P2O5 ha-1+PSB, T5-40 kg P2O5 ha-1+PSB, T6-20 kg P2O5 ha-1+VAM, T7-40 kg P2O5 ha-1+VAM, T8-20 kg P2O5 ha-1+PSB+VAM, T9-40 kg P2O5 ha-1+PSB+VAM), each replicated thrice. 

Results: The results demonstrated that the application of 40 kg P2O5ha-1+PSB+VAM (T9) recorded the highest soil available nitrogen (188.63 kg ha-1), and phosphorus (32.68 kg ha-1) compared to all other treatments. The maximum nitrogen content in grain and stover (3.88 % and 1.64 %) and phosphorus content in grain and stover (0.408 % and 0.228 %) were also overserved in the T9 (40 kg P2O5 ha-1+PSB+VAM) treated plots. Similarly, T9 treated plots recorded the highest uptake of nutrients in grain and stover i.e., nitrogen (41.86 and 38.17 kg ha-1), phosphorus (4.4 and 5.3 kg ha-1), and potassium (9.11 and 42.58 kg ha-1).

Conclusion: The cultivation of black gram by applying 40 kg P2O5 ha-1+PSB+VAM can be beneficial for the restoration of soil available nutrients, nutrient content and uptake of black gram.

Keywords: Black gram, phosphorus, PSB, VAM, soil fertility, nutrient content, uptake

How to Cite

Manna, Pramita, Rajesh Kumar, Navjot Rana, Animesh Ghosh Bag, Arka Manna, and Titli Nandi. 2024. “Effect of Phosphorus and Bioinoculants on Nutrient Uptake and Available Soil Nutrients by Black Gram (Vigna Mungo L.)”. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science 36 (7):290-96. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijpss/2024/v36i74732.


Download data is not yet available.


Majee A, Maji S, Bhowmick UR, Mondal S, Biswas P, Saharoy A et al. Effect of zinc nutrition on lathyrus (Lathyrus sativus L.) under varying sowing dates in the gangetic plains. Legume Research-An International Journal. 2023;1:6.

Kant S, Kumar A, Kumar S, Kumar V, Pal Y, Shukla AK. Effect of rhizobium, PSB and p-levels on growth, yield attributes and yield of Urdbean (Vigna mungo L.). J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2016;10(4):3093-8.

DES, Ministry of agriculture and farmers welfare (DA&FW), GoI; 2022-23.

Chtouki M, Naciri R, Oukarroum A. A review on phosphorus drip fertigation in the Mediterranean region: Fundamentals, current situation, challenges, and perspectives. Heliyon; 2024.

Rafi MM, Krishnaveni MS, Charyulu PB. Phosphate-solubilizing microorganisms and their emerging role in sustainable agriculture. Recent developments in applied microbiology and biochemistry. 2019;1:223-33.

Nath Bhowmik S, Das A. Biofertilizers: A sustainable approach for pulse production. Legumes for soil health and sustainable management. 2018;445-85.

Bhatt SS, Vamshi M, Singh V, Rani P, Dayal D, Gupta A et al. Ameriolations with VAM and PSB Inoculation of Growth and Yield Attributes in Pea (Pisum sativum L.) cv. Arkel. Legume Research-An International Journal. 2024;1:5.

Subbiah BV, Asija GL. A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in soils. Current Science, New Delhi. 1956; 25:259-260.

Olsen SR. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. US Department of Agriculture, Washington DC; 1954.

Metson AJ. Methods of chemical analysis for soil survey samples. New Zealand. 1956;12:208.

Snell PD, Snell GT. Colorimetric methods of analysis. Edn 3, II D Van Nostrand Co. Inc. New York; 1949.

Jackson ML. Soil chemical analysis, pentice hall of India Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi. 1973;498151-154.

Dutta S, Singh M, Meena RK, Onte S, Basak N, Kumar S et al. Effect of organic and inorganic nutrient sources on growth, yield, nutrient uptake and economics of fodder cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.]. Legume Research-An International Journal. 2021;44(9):1046-52.

Goud VV, Kale HB. Productivity and profitability of pigeonpea under different sources of nutrients in rainfed condition of Central India. Journal of food legumes 2010;23(3and4):212-17.

Naragund R, Singh YV, Jaiswal P, Bana RS, Choudhary AK. Influence of crop establishment practices and microbial inoculants on nodulation of summer green gram (Vigna radiata) and soil quality parameters. Legume Research- An International Journal. 2022;45(5):646-51.

Khangarot AK, Yadav SS, Shyanabhoga SP, Verma RS, Jakhar R, Bhawariya A. Effect of prom and microbial inoculants on growth, yield and nutrient uptake of mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) wilczek]. Legume Research-An International Journal. 2022;45(6):756-61.

Wahane MR, Salvi VG, Dodake SB, Khobragade NH, More SS, Sawant PS. Effect of phosphorus and biofertilizers on growth, yield and quality of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in coastal region of Maharashtra. InTransforming Coastal Zone for Sustainable Food and Income Security: Proceedings of the International Symposium of ISCAR on Coastal Agriculture. 2022;143-154.