Effect of Pre and Postharvest Factors on Vase life of Gladiolus or Effect of Different Floral Preservatives on Vase Life of Gladiolus

Rasika Ashok Sarje

Department of Horticulture, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara-144411, India.

Ashwini Kailas Abhangrao *

Department of Horticulture, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara-144411, India.

Sarath Jayakumar

Department of Horticulture, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara-144411, India.

Ritika Gupta

Department of Horticulture, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara-144411, India.

Smriti Pathania

Department of Horticulture, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara-144411, India.

B. Vidya Sree

Department of Horticulture, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara-144411, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Gladiolus is a popular ornamental and cut flower grown globally. However, the vase life of gladiolus flowers is relatively short due to physiological factors such as water stress, carbohydrate depletion, microbial activity, and ethylene exposure. This review discusses various preharvest and postharvest factors that influence the vase life of gladiolus flowers. Genetic factors, environmental conditions like temperature and humidity, and biotic stresses can impact vase life during the preharvest stage. Postharvest factors such as ethylene production, carbon dioxide levels, and pest/disease issues also play a crucial role. The use of chemical preservatives like sucrose, salicylic acid, and growth regulators like gibberellic acid have been found effective in extending the vase life and maintaining the quality of cut gladiolus flowers. Integrated management of these factors can help improve the postharvest longevity and marketability of gladiolus as a cut flower.

Keywords: Gladiolus, vase life, PGR, preservatives, flower quality, microbial growth, postharvest management


How to Cite

Sarje, Rasika Ashok, Ashwini Kailas Abhangrao, Sarath Jayakumar, Ritika Gupta, Smriti Pathania, and B. Vidya Sree. 2024. “Effect of Pre and Postharvest Factors on Vase Life of Gladiolus or Effect of Different Floral Preservatives on Vase Life of Gladiolus”. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science 36 (7):297-303. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijpss/2024/v36i74733.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Prabesh Koirala, Rajiv Raman Neupane, Bishal Dura, Puspa Raj Poudel, Rukmagat Pathak. Study on the Effect of Different Chemicals and Essential Oils on the Vase Life Of Gladiolus (Var American Beauty) Cut Flower. Syrian Journal of Agricultural Research – SJAR. 2023;10(1):453-465

Pratikshya lamichhanea, Pranisha Bhattaraia, Swastika Subedia, Januka Dahala, Janak Adhikarib. Effects Of Different Treatments On Vase Life Of Gladiolus Cut Spikes: A Review. Tropical Agroecosystems (TAEC). 2022;ISSN: 2735-0274.

Syed Atif Shaukat, Syed Zulfiqar Ali Shah, Syed Kashif Shaukat, Syed Waasif Shoukat. Performance Of Gladiolus (Gladiolus grandiflora L.) Cultivars Under The Climatic Conditions Of Bagh Azad Jammu And Kashmir Pakistan. Journal of Central European Agriculture. 2013;14(2): 636-645. DOI:10.5513/JCEA01/14.2.1244.

Childs JL. The Gladiolus its history, species and cultivation. New York: Mayflower press; 1873.

Available:https://play.google.com/books/reader?id=kGJEAAAAYAAJ&hl=en&pg=GBS.PP5

Rasul Jalili Marandi, Abbas Hassani, Ali Abdollahi, Soyli Hanafi. Improvement of the vase life of cut gladiolus flowers by essential oils, salicylic acid and silver thiosulfate. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. 2011;5(20):5039-5043.

Jowkar MM, Kafi M, Khalighi A, Hasanzadeh N. Reconsideration in using citric acid as vase solution preservative for cut rose flowers. Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences. 2012;4(4):427-436.

Edwin Pulido, Raquel Rejane-Negrelle, Francine Lorena Cuquel. Sucrose, salicylic acid and citric acid solutions to extent vase life of Vriesea incurvata Gaudich. (Bromeliaceae) floral scapes. Acta Agronómica. 2021;70(1):27- 34.

Asmita khanal. A term Paper on: Post Harvest Handling And Factors Affecting Post Harvest Life of Gladiolus Flower; 2014. Available:https://studylib.net/doc/10135916/.

Gupta J, Dubey RK. Factors affecting post-harvest life of flower crops. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 2018;7(1):548-557.

Singh N, Pal AK, Roy RK, Tewari SK, Tamta S, Rana TS. Characterization of gladiolus germplasm using morphological, physiological, and molecular markers. Biochemical genetics. 2018;56:128-148.

Mortensen L, Fjeld T. Effects of air humidity, lighting period and lamp type on growth and vase life of roses. Scentia Horticulturae.1998;73:229-23.

Hardenburg RE, Waltada AE, Wang CY. The commercial storage of fruits, vegetables, and florists and nursery stocks. USDA Agr. Handb. 1986; 66(REV):75-92.

Jyoti Verma, Parminder Singh. Post-harvest Handling and Senescence in Flower Crops: An Overview. Agricultural Reviews. 2021;42(2):145-155 .

Bhattacharjee S.K. Postharvest biology and technology of cut flowers: A review. Advances in Horticulture and Forestry. S.P. Singh (Ed.) Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur. 1999;7:117-148.

Sanjamveer S Vehniwal, Lord Abbey. Cut flower vase life – influential factors, metabolism and organic formulation. Horticulture International Journal. 2019;3(6).

Kromwijk JAM, Meinen E, Dueck TA. The effect of elevated CO2 on the vegetative and generative growth, and on stomata, International Symposium on Orchids and Ornamental Plants – Royal Flora; 2014, Chiang Mai, Thailand, 2012-01-09/2012-01-13. Available:https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2014.1025.23.

Kazuo Ichimura. Improvement of Postharvest Life in Several Cut Flowers by the Addition of Sucrose. JARQ. 1998;32:275-280.

Da Y. Park, Aung H. Naing, Trinh N, Jeung-Sul Han, In-Kyu Kang, Chang K. Kim. Synergistic Effect of Nano-Sliver with Sucrose on Extending Vase Life of the Carnation cv. Edun. Front. Plant Sci. Sec. Plant Breeding. 2017;8.

Ajish Muraleedharan and Joshi JL. Studies On Prolonging The Vase Life Of Rose Flowers With Citric Acid And Sucrose Solution. JETIR. 2017;4(4).

Koirala P, Neupane RR, Dura B, Poudel PR, Pathak R. Study on the effect of different chemicals and essential oils on the vase life of gladiolus (Var American Beauty) cut flower.

Ranvir Singh and Shashikala Beura. Postharvest Life of Gladiolus as influenced by Floral preservatives. Journal of Ornamental Horticulture. New series. 2002;5(1):76-79.

Singh PV, Sharma M. The Postharvest Life of Pulsed Gladiolus Spikes: the Effect of Preservative Solutions. Proc. XXVI IHC – Elegant Science in Floriculture Eds. Th. Blom and R. Criley Acta Hort. 2003;624.

Masood Ahmad And Abdur Rab. Calcium Effects On Post-Harvest Attributes And Vase Life Of Gladiolus Using Different Methods Of Application. Pak. J. Bot. 2020;52(1):167-179.

Gholam Abbas Mohammadi, Ali Salehi Sardoei, Mojghan Shahdadneghad. Improvement of the vase life of cut gladiolus flowers by salicylic acid and Putrescine. International journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research. 2014;2(2):417-426.

Mona Mehdikhah, Rasoul Onsinejad, Mohammad Nabi Ilkaee and Behzad Kaviani. Effect of Salicylic Acid, Citric Acid and Ascorbic Acid on Post- harvest Quality and Vase Life of Gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii) Cut Flowers,. Journal of Ornamental Plants. 2016;3:181-191.

Mishra P, Khanal A. Vaselife analysis of gladiolus using different vase solutions. Journal of Bioscience and Agriculture Research. 2019;21(01):1749-1754

Sable PR. Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers on yield and vase life of gladiolus cv. HB Pitt; 2018.

Padmalatha T, Satyanarayana Reddy G, Chandrasekhar R. Effect of plant growth regulators on corm production and vase life in gladiolus. J. Hortl. Sci. 2015;10(2):220-225.

Priyanka, Holkar S, Chandrashekar SY, Hemanth Kumar P. et al., Effect of Gibberellic acid on Growth, Flowering, Flower Quality and Corm Yield of Gladiolus – A Review, Trends in Biosciences. Print:ISSN 0974-8431, 2018;11(24):3211-3216.

Banti Kumar, Sunil Malik, Mukesh Kumar, M.K. Singh, and VIpin Kumar. Postharvest quality andvase life of tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa Linn.) as affected by vase chemicals. Journal of Omamental Horticuiture. 2017;10(4):274-275.

Alaey M, Babalar R, Naderi M, Kafi. Effect of pre- and postharvest salicylic acid treatment on physio-chemical attributes in relation to vase-life of rose cut flowers. Postharvest Biology and Technology. 2011;61 (2011):91–94.

Utsav Bhandari, Yekraj Budha. A brief report on post-harvest handling of cut, loose and pot flowers; 2022.

Available:https://www.researchgate.net/publication/358890233.

Salman Mushtaq, Ishfaq Ahmad Hafiz, Muhammad Shahid Iqbal, Syed Zia ul Hasan, Muhammad Arif, Sami Ullah, Misbah Rasheed4 and Rizwan Rafique. Studies On The Performance Of Some Exotic Gladiolus Cultivars Under Rain-Fed Conditions. International Journal of Modern Agriculture. 2013;2(3), Copyright © Zohdi Publisher ISSN: 2305‐7246.

Mehraj H, Mahasen M, Taufique T, Shiam IH, Jamal Uddin AFM. Vase Life Analysis of Yellow Gladiolus Using Different Vase Solutions. J. Expt. Biosci. 2013;4(2):23-26, ISSN 2223-9626.

Seid Hussen and Hassen Yassin. Review on the impact of different vase solutions on the postharvest life of rose flower. International Journal of Agricultural Research and Review. 2013;1(2):013-017.

Susan S. Han. Role of Sucrose in Bud Developmentand Vase Life of Cut Liatris spicata (L.) Willd. Hortscience. 1992;27(11):1198-1200.

Kumar P, Verma LS, Sharma G, Manisha Netam and Hemant Kumar. Study The Effect Of Plant Growth Regulators On Vase-Life Of Gladiolus: A review. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2020;9(6):564-570, E- ISSN: 2278-4136 ISSN: 2349-8234.

Available:https://dfr.icar.gov.in/ForFarmers/InsectPests