Optimizing Yield and Quality of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) cv. Anand Kesari through Planting Time and Plant Spacing Management

Kena Patel *

Department of Horticulture, B. A. College of Agriculture, Anand Agricultural University, Anand, Gujarat, India.

A. V. Kotecha

Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, Anand Agricultural University, Jabugam-39115, India.

M. M. Masu

Anand Agricultural University, Anand- 388110, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The field experiment was conducted during rabi season of the year 2022-23 at B. A. College of Agriculture, Anand Agricultural University. There were nine treatments consisting of three planting time (P1: 1st week of October, P2: 3rd week of October and P3: 1st week of November) and spacing (S1: 15 x 10 cm, S2: 15 x 15 cm and S3: 20 x 10 cm). Results revealed that planting time P2 (3rd week of October) led to the most favorable outcomes, with bulb diameter (4.46 cm), bulb weight (13.18), yield (1.93 kg/plot and 60.70 q/ha). Spacing S2 (15 x 15 cm) also exhibited positive effects on bulb quality like bulb diameter (4.42 cm) and bulb weight (12.01 g), while yield (1.934 kg/plot and 59.20 q/ha) were recorded to be significantly the highest at spacing S1 (15 x 10 cm). The P2 S3 recorded significantly higher bulb diameter (4.84 cm), weight of bulb (13.61 g). While, yield (2.341 kg/plot and 70.93 q/ha) were recorded to be significantly highest at P2S2. These findings provide valuable insights for garlic cultivation, helping farmers optimize planting strategies to enhance crop performance and yield.

Keywords: Planting time, spacing, garlic, bulb diameter, bulb weight, yield, sulphur content


How to Cite

Patel, Kena, A. V. Kotecha, and M. M. Masu. 2024. “Optimizing Yield and Quality of Garlic (Allium Sativum L.) Cv. Anand Kesari through Planting Time and Plant Spacing Management”. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science 36 (7):529-34. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijpss/2024/v36i74762.

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