https://journalijpss.com/index.php/IJPSS/issue/feed International Journal of Plant & Soil Science 2021-01-27T12:12:36+00:00 International Journal of Plant & Soil Science contact@journalijpss.com Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>International Journal of Plant &amp; Soil Science (ISSN: 2320-7035)</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/IJPSS/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘Plant &amp; Soil Science research’. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> https://journalijpss.com/index.php/IJPSS/article/view/30387 Influence of Arbuscular Mycorrhizae on the Development and Attack of Leaf-Cutting Ants in Clonal Seedlings of Eucalyptus urophylla x Eucalyptus camaldulensis 2021-01-27T12:12:36+00:00 Josielly Cândida Macêdo de Oliveira Muriel da Silva Folli- Pereira muriel.folli@unemat.br Juliana Garlet Amanda Azevedo Bertolazi Ivone da Silva Neves Getulio de Freitas Seben Junior <p>The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of the mycorrhizal association in the development and attack of leaf-cutting ants <em>Atta sexdens </em>(Linnaeus, 1758) in clonal seedlings of <em>Eucalyptus urophylla x Eucalyptus camaldulensis</em> hybrid. The treatments consisted of inoculated and uninoculated seedlings with 100 grams of sand containing spores from arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) collected on native soil from four different areas of the amazon: native forest area (NF), permanent preservation area recovered to three years (PPA03), permanent preserved area degraded (PPAD) and permanent preservation area recovered to four years (PPA04). At 45 and 90 days after inoculation (d.a.i.), height, fresh and dry matter of shoot and root, root development, number of leaves, stem diameter and tolerance to leaf-cutting ants were evaluated. In the first group of plants (45 d.a.i.), mycorrhizal plants presented the higher root volume with the use of APP04, APP03 and NF all with 6.16 mm. For the second group of plants (90 d.a.i.), the highest root volume was also found on mycorrhizal plants with the soil of APP03 and control with 7.16 mm. For the attractiveness test of ants, 16 discs were taken from the non-inoculated seedlings. Regarding the disks of mycorrhizal seedlings with the soil of APP04, only 9 were taken. Although the use of AMF to stimulate plant resistance to attack by leaf-cutting ants is a new study, studies related to the influence of mychorrizas on plant development are quite common and the results presented in this study did not evidence the influence of mychorrizas on plant development. However, it was observed that the early inoculation of the seedlings can reduce the attractiveness of leaf-cutting ants by the seedlings of the hybrid <em>Eucalyptus urophylla x Eucalyptus camaldulensis</em>, already in the first 45 d.a.i of the seedlings and the inoculum used can interfere in this process.</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalijpss.com/index.php/IJPSS/article/view/30388 Maize Growth and Yield Response to Incremental Rates of Nitrogen in N-Depleted Lixisols in Northern Ghana 2021-01-27T12:12:25+00:00 Ebenezer Ayew Appiah ayew044@gmail.com Joseph Xorse Kugbe Ahmed Mahama Rufai <p>To help economize fertilizer use and predict soil-based and site-specific fertilization regimes in crop production, knowledge on crop response to incremental rates of nutrition have long been identified to play a significant role. In the nutrient-poor lixisols of northern Ghana where bulk of Ghanaian maize is produced, the response of maize growth and yield to eleven rates of N fertilization was evaluated in 2019 as a first step in developing a tool that could predict site-specific nitrogen rates for optimum maize production. The rates were 00, 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, 105, 120, 135, and 150 kg/ha; laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design. Collected maize growth and yield data were subjected to analyses of variance, where significantly different means were separated at a probability of 5% using the least significant difference. The study revealed no significant differences in plant height from the third to sixth week after planting, days to 50% flowering, 100 grain weight, and leaf area index at sixth week after planting. However, plant height and leaf area index at ninth week, cob weight, cob length, straw weight and grain yield were significantly affected by N fertilizer rates. Increasing nitrogen fertilizer rates had a pronounced effect on later-stages of growth, on grain yield and on yield components of maize. <strong>&nbsp;</strong>Application of 120 to 150 kg/ha N achieved statistically similar, and maximum growth and yield parameters compared to lower rates. The findings provide essential agronomic data required to relate soil test results with corresponding maize yield.</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##