Open Access Short communication

Medicinal Uses of Plants in Indigenous Folklore of Manapari Range in Tiruchirappalli District Tamilnadu, South India

P. Durairaj, U. Maniarasan, K. Senthil, N. Nagarajan

International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/IJPSS/2016/25516

Aim: To find out knowledge of traditional practitioners to cure various diseases in Tiruchirappalli District of Tamil Nadu, India.

Study Design: Ethnobotanical information obtained from 100 inhabitants in 2 groups of people using questionnaires, and collection of plant material by several field visits.

Place and Duration of Study: The present ethnobotanical explorations conducted in 2014 and 2015 and the surveys were conducted using questionnaire in forest areas of Manaparai Forest Range.

Results: A total of 739 species of 74 plants species belonging to 41 families and 69 genera utilized by traditional healers. Of these, maximum species belongs to Euphorbiaceae, Asclepiadaceae, and Fabaceae with 7, 6, 5, species respectively. Diseases/ailments are wide spread such as fever, cough, cold, kidney stone, skin diseases, wounds and toothaches. Most of the drugs preparation is from leaves and a few are from underground parts like root, rhizome, tuber, and rarely preparation from flowers and stem barks etc. Following data includes botanical name vernacular name family parts used, process of drug and details about its application. Among these plants parts used in mixture prepared according to some different formulations, leaves are abundantly used which is followed by stem and roots. 

Conclusion: Information gathered from study area indicates that excellent knowledge of herbal drugs this region forest dwellers, however their incessant and progressive exposure to modernization may result in extinction of heritage of knowledge in the time. Moreover, this study will promote a practical use of botanicals and must be continuous focusing on its pharmacological validation. Further detailed assessment and compilation of ethnobotanical knowledge, chemical studies and screening for medicinal possessions will provide cost successful and dependable source of medicine for the welfare of humankind.

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessment of Selected Heavy Metal Level in Soil and Maize (Zea mays) Plant within the Vicinity of Auto Mechanic Workshops in Gwagwalada, Abuja, Nigeria

Clifford Baba Okpanachi, Edith Bolanle Agbaji, Hajara Zubairu Omenesa

International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/IJPSS/2016/27506

Assessment of heavy metals in the environment is an important tool to evaluate the risk of toxic metals to humans. In order to achieve this, soil and plant samples were collected within the vicinities of auto mechanic workshops in Gwagwalada area council at five (5) sites used as the study areas and a control site. The soil and plant samples were analysed for five heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn) using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry. The range of mean heavy metal concentration of the Auto mechanic soils were: Cd: 15.73 - 35.89 mg/kg, Cu: 112.05 - 170.42 mg/kg, Ni: 58.25 - 136.48 mg/kg, Pb: 105.59 - 316.57 mg/kg, Zn: 116.16 - 349.49 mg/kg while the range of mean heavy metal concentration in plants at the experimental sites was: Cd: 1.75 - 10.56 mg/kg, Cu: 25.38 - 79.42 mg/kg, Ni: 28.93 - 47.98 mg/kg, Pb: 5.48 - 33.48 mg/kg, Zn: 35.61 mg/kg - 111.54 mg/kg. The study indicated that consumption of plants grown on these sites could pose health hazard to man.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of GA3 Plus Yogen Foliar Fertilization on Yield and Fruit Quality of Red Dragon Fruit at Lap Thanh District in Vietnam

Nguyen Minh Tuan, Nguyen The Huan, Nguyen Quoc Hung

International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/IJPSS/2016/25129

The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of GA3 plus Yogen foliar fertilization application on fruit yield and quality of TL4 red dragon fruit from March to Agust 2015 at Lap Thach district, northern Vietnam. The experiment was conducted on complete block design with three replications. Fruit yield and different fruit quality parameters, as well as grade of fruit were determined. The results indicated that application of GA3 30 ppm plus Yogen 4 foliar fertilization significantly increased fruit set, fruit weight, fruit yield as well as fruit quality and reduced percentage grade S for red dragon fruit. Therefore, it could be concluded that application of GA3 30 ppm plus Yogen 4 foliar fertilization markedly fruit set, fruit quality for TL4 red dragon fruit.

Open Access Original Research Article

Responses of Leaf Stomatal Parameters to Induced Water Stress and its Relationship with Stomatal Conductance in False Horn Plantain

B. M. Dzomeku, J. Sarkordie-Addo, S. K. Darkey, R. K. Bam, J. Wünsche, C. Staver

International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, Page 1-14
DOI: 10.9734/IJPSS/2016/25101

Water deficit is one of the most important environmental factors affecting agricultural production especially in rainfed cropping systems. To understand how morphological and physiological factors interact, a study was conducted to assess the responses of leaf stomatal parameters to water status and its relationship with chlorophyll content in False Horn plantain. Each plant was grown in 120 kg soil in bowls and subjected to varying watering regimes (10 ml, 15 ml, 20 ml, 25 ml, 30 ml and control) without allowing natural rain into the bowls except the control. The result showed that False Horn plantain was sensitive to soil moisture stress; and this was reflected in changes in reduced growth through reduced plant height. The study also showed a systematic growth of the leaf with time. The patterns of leaf length growth remain similar under the different watering regimes. There was a significant difference in the leaf growth between the control and the varying amount of watering. The undulating pattern, however, showed that other factors could influence the leaf length. The large leaf area used for transpiration in Apantu is likely to be affected by soil water deficit. There was no correlation, however, between the leaf length to width ratio and the soil moisture content. The study further revealed that leaf length and width in False Horn plantain increases with growth, however, leaf sizes started to reduce when the plant approaches the flower primordial stage of growth. Watering regime influenced stomatal opening and closure in False Horn plantain and chlorophyll content. Leaf chlorophyll content was not highly influenced by the varying watering regimes; indicating that the presence of laticifer cells may be a factor for water stress tolerance in plantain.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Relationships between Plug Cell Size and Substrate Quality in the Bedding Pot Plant Impatiens wallerana (Hook. F.)

T. Williams, A. Sala, V. Feuring, E. Giardina, A. Di Benedetto

International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/IJPSS/2016/27825

In pot plant production, balancing the air and water content in the medium is one of the largest problems. The ‘root restriction’ effects of the plug cells on seedling growth during nursery could increase after transplant and thus limits pot plant productivity. Two plug cell size (limiting and non-limiting ones) and two growing media were tested. Different concentrations (0, 1.5 and 3.0 kg m-3) of the hydrophilic gel potassium acrylate (Stockosorb®, Evonik, Germany) were added at transplanting to create growing media with different container capacity. The aim of this work was to evaluate the physiological mechanisms involved when two different pre-transplant cell volumes (50- and 288- cells-plug tray-1) and two post-transplant growing media amended with different potassium acrylate concentrations (0, 1.5 and 3.0 Kg m-3) were used. The hypothesis tested was that the negative effects of combined abiotic stress sources (pre-transplant cell volume and growing medium quality) that reduced air-filled porosity and affect Impatiens wallerana growth and yield are mainly associated with a decrease in root size. Our results showed that the root restriction related to cell volume and growing medium quality reduced air-filled porosity but in different magnitude according to the growing medium tested. We found a decrease in the relative rate of leaf area expansion (RLAE), the relative growth rate (RGR), the net assimilation rate (NAR) and glucose content, and an increase in water-holding capacity. We also found positive relationships between the previous mentioned growth parameters and an increase in root dry weight. Since the responses to the different plug cell volume and growing medium to overcome the root restriction were the same as those found in other experiments in plants sprayed with exogenous cytokinins, we speculated that endogenous cytokinins are involved in plant growth.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System for Optimizing Land Use Base on Fertility Capability Classification

Abdel-Rahman A. Mustafa

International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, Page 1-14
DOI: 10.9734/IJPSS/2016/27147

Soil is one of the most precious national resources and the knowledge of soil resources of an area is vital for optimizing land use and any developmental activities. Remote sensing and GIS have emerged as extremely valuable tools to study the soil resources, their potential for various use and problems. Hence an attempt has been made to study the soils of some soils of the Eastern Desert Part of Sohag Governorate and map them based on the fertility capability classification (FCC) using remote sensing and GIS. False color composite (FCC) of Landsat ETM imageries were visually interpreted incorporated with Digital Elevation Model (DEM) which generated from the Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission (SRTM). Different imaging interpretation units were identified and soil pedons were examined in each unit. Horizon wise soil samples were collected and analyzed for physiochemical properties by adopting standard procedures. Based on the results, the major landforms of the studied area were described as Wadi Bottom (WB), Bajada (B), Alluvial Fans (AF), Tableland (T), Gently Undulating Sand Sheet (GUS) and Undulating Sand Sheet (US). The type, substrata type and condition modifiers were also identified for each landform. The main condition modifiers of the study area were texture (S), low CEC (e), K deficiency (k), calcareous (b), salinity (s), dry condition (d), gravels (r) and low organic matter (m). Relevant FCC units were assigned to various landforms based on the type, substrata type and condition modifiers. A utility map was prepared using GIS with the FCC units, their limitations and extent distribution. Generally, the fertility of these soils was poor on account of low organic matter, total nitrogen, available phosphorus, potassium and micronutrients. Also, the water retentively was not satisfactory by the virtue of poor organic matter and higher percentage of coarser fraction. Based on the fertility constrains various soil management practices have been suggested to optimize the land use.